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玉米产业链“拥抱”衍生品工具

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年12月12日 23:09:47
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(沈)(宁)(/摄)(
证)(券)(时)(报)(记)(者)(沈)(宁)(
自)(2004年)(玉)(米)(期)(货)(上)(市)(起)(,国)(内)(玉)(米)(衍)(生)(品)(市)(场)(已)(走)(过)(近)(14个)(年)(头)(。随)(着)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(期)(货)(挂)(牌)(,玉)(米)(产)(业)(链)(品)(种)(进)(一)(步)(丰)(富)(。如)(今)(,利)(用)(玉)(米)(衍)(生)(品)(增)(值)(提)(效)(、管)(理)(风)(险)(的)(理)(念)(已)(在)(现)(货)(产)(业)(逐)(步)(推)(广)(。
山)(东)(省)(是)(国)(内)(玉)(米)(加)(工)(产)(业)(最)(为)(集)(中)(的)(省)(份)(之)(一)(。为)(调)(研)(行)(业)(发)(展)(现)(状)(和)(期)(货)(服)(务)(实)(体)(经)(济)(的)(情)(况)(,证)(券)(时)(报)(记)(者)(近)(日)(连)(续)(走)(访)(当)(地)(多)(家)(知)(名)(玉)(米)(深)(加)(工)(企)(业)(。不)(少)(企)(业)(向)(记)(者)(反)(映)(,玉)(米)(现)(货)(企)(业)(在)(管)(理)(中)(引)(入)(衍)(生)(品)(将)(是)(未)(来)(大)(势)(所)(趋)(。
开)(辟)(新)(的)(销)(售)(渠)(道)(
诸)(城)(兴)(贸)(玉)(米)(开)(发)(有)(限)(公)(司)((下)(称)(诸)(城)(兴)(贸)()总)(部)(位)(于)(山)(东)(半)(岛)(东)(南)(的)(诸)(城)(市)(。该)(市)(因)(传)(说)(舜)(帝)(出)(生)(于)(城)(北)(的)(诸)(冯)(村)(而)(得)(名)(。诸)(城)(兴)(贸)(成)(立)(于)(1993年)(,目)(前)(公)(司)(年)(可)(处)(理)(净)(化)(玉)(米)(600万)(吨)(,生)(产)(淀)(粉)(400余)(万)(吨)(,是)(亚)(洲)(最)(大)(的)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(、变)(性)(淀)(粉)(、肌)(醇)(生)(产)(基)(地)(。
记)(者)(从)(青)(岛)(一)(路)(驱)(车)(两)(个)(多)(小)(时)(,来)(到)(这)(家)(国)(家)(级)(农)(业)(产)(业)(化)(重)(点)(龙)(头)(企)(业)(。谈)(到)(怎)(样)(运)(用)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(期)(货)(工)(具)(,诸)(城)(兴)(贸)(销)(售)(部)(经)(理)(马)(树)(章)(表)(示)(:“在)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(期)(货)(上)(市)(前)(,公)(司)(通)(过)(一)(些)(资)(料)(开)(始)(慢)(慢)(学)(习)(。公)(司)(以)(前)(主)(要)(是)(以)(现)(货)(销)(售)(为)(主)(,对)(期)(货)(这)(块)(认)(识)(并)(没)(有)(多)(深)(。后)(来)(我)(们)(逐)(步)(认)(识)(到)(期)(货)(对)(我)(们)(企)(业)(的)(价)(值)(所)(在)(。期)(货)(有)(价)(值)(发)(现)(功)(能)(,我)(们)(通)(过)(套)(保)(运)(作)(,最)(终)(对)(企)(业)(销)(售)(产)(生)(了)(很)(大)(的)(促)(进)(作)(用)(,无)(形)(中)(开)(辟)(了)(新)(的)(销)(售)(渠)(道)(。”
据)(马)(树)(章)(介)(绍)(,诸)(城)(兴)(贸)(在)(使)(用)(淀)(粉)(期)(货)(时)(基)(本)(都)(按)(照)(严)(格)(意)(义)(的)(卖)(出)(套)(保)(去)(操)(作)(。“我)(们)(工)(厂)(在)(初)(期)(只)(是)(做)(少)(量)(套)(保)(的)(试)(水)(,以)(熟)(悉)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(期)(货)(交)(易)(的)(规)(则)(、流)(程)(,以)(及)(客)(户)(接)(货)(的)(程)(序)(。”他)(说)(。
熟)(悉)(之)(后)(,诸)(城)(兴)(贸)(加)(大)(了)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(期)(货)(的)(交)(易)(量)(,寻)(找)(合)(适)(的)(时)(机)(主)(动)(交)(割)(。今)(年)(1月)(,公)(司)(交)(割)(量)(21000吨)(。提)(起)(这)(笔)(交)(易)(,马)(树)(章)(称)(当)(时)(结)(合)(了)(对)(玉)(米)(价)(格)(的)(研)(判)(,加)(上)(过)(年)(前)(后)(一)(段)(时)(间)(,正)(是)(销)(售)(淡)(季)(,交)(割)(的)(21000吨)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(有)(效)(帮)(助)(公)(司)(度)(过)(淡)(季)(。现)(在)(看)(来)(,实)(际)(操)(作)(效)(果)(比)(较)(理)(想)(。
当)(然)(,也)(有)(一)(些)(公)(司)(在)(利)(用)(玉)(米)(衍)(生)(品)(工)(具)(时)(会)(更)(加)(灵)(活)(。一)(家)(大)(型)(粮)(油)(国)(企)(在)(山)(东)(设)(有)(玉)(米)(加)(工)(企)(业)(。记)(者)(实)(地)(调)(研)(时)(,该)(企)(业)(负)(责)(人)(介)(绍)(了)(自)(己)(的)(做)(法)(:“2014年)(底)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(上)(市)(,公)(司)(陆)(续)(开)(始)(参)(与)(期)(货)(业)(务)(。具)(体)(做)(法)(是)(在)(期)(货)(市)(场)(上)(买)(玉)(米)(卖)(淀)(粉)(,主)(要)(操)(作)(两)(个)(品)(种)(间)(的)(价)(差)(,即)(加)(工)(利)(润)(,也)(会)(考)(虑)(期)(现)(市)(场)(基)(差)(。期)(货)(交)(易)(量)(占)(现)(货)(量)(的)(比)(重)(从)(最)(初)(的)(10%不)(到)(逐)(步)(增)(加)(。在)(实)(际)(操)(作)(过)(程)(中)(,有)(利)(润)(空)(间)(的)(话)(可)(能)(会)(选)(择)(提)(前)(平)(仓)(,而)(非)(一)(定)(要)(参)(与)(交)(割)(。”
利)(用)(衍)(生)(品)(是)(大)(势)(所)(趋)(
在)(农)(产)(品)(行)(业)(中)(,相)(比)(油)(脂)(油)(料)(行)(业)(对)(衍)(生)(品)(的)(广)(泛)(运)(用)(,玉)(米)(产)(业)(链)(仍)(有)(很)(大)(提)(升)(空)(间)(。随)(着)(相)(关)(衍)(生)(品)(合)(约)(、规)(则)(的)(不)(断)(成)(熟)(,加)(之)(产)(业)(政)(策)(和)(形)(势)(的)(一)(系)(列)(新)(变)(化)(,在)(业)(内)(人)(士)(眼)(中)(,未)(来)(玉)(米)(加)(工)(行)(业)(充)(分)(利)(用)(衍)(生)(品)(将)(是)(大)(势)(所)(趋)(。
“国)(储)(玉)(米)(库)(存)(明)(年)(再)(拍)(卖)(一)(年)(可)(能)(就)(差)(不)(多)(了)(,玉)(米)(价)(格)(预)(计)(还)(会)(继)(续)(涨)(,市)(场)(波)(动)(也)(会)(变)(得)(更)(大)(。对)(加)(工)(企)(业)(来)(说)(,淀)(粉)(行)(业)(受)(原)(料)(价)(格)(影)(响)(较)(大)(,如)(果)(玉)(米)(价)(格)(明)(显)(上)(涨)(,肯)(定)(会)(挤)(压)(行)(业)(利)(润)(空)(间)(。现)(在)(玉)(米)(加)(工)(产)(业)(整)(体)(产)(能)(过)(剩)(,以)(后)(竞)(争)(会)(更)(激)(烈)(。”上)(述)(玉)(米)(加)(工)(企)(业)(负)(责)(人)(认)(为)(,明)(年)(之)(后)(玉)(米)(加)(工)(行)(业)(利)(润)(很)(可)(能)(会)(压)(缩)(,未)(来)(企)(业)(在)(经)(营)(中)(必)(须)(充)(分)(利)(用)(期)(货)(、期)(权)(在)(内)(的)(衍)(生)(品)(工)(具)(,衍)(生)(品)(市)(场)(无)(疑)(会)(更)(加)(活)(跃)(。
据)(介)(绍)(,国)(内)(玉)(米)(消)(费)(集)(中)(在)(饲)(料)(和)(深)(加)(工)(行)(业)(,其)(中)(饲)(料)(占)(比)(超)(过)(60%,深)(加)(工)(占)(比)(在)(30%以)(上)(。玉)(米)(深)(加)(工)(产)(品)(主)(要)(是)(各)(类)(淀)(粉)(、糖)(和)(酒)(精)((乙)(醇)()等)(,从)(历)(史)(上)(看)(,行)(业)(发)(展)(经)(历)(了)(几)(轮)(波)(折)(。
“上)(世)(纪)(90年)(代)(初)(基)(本)(只)(有)(一)(些)(大)(公)(司)(,2000年)(后)(由)(于)(行)(业)(性)(价)(比)(很)(高)(,但)(生)(产)(工)(艺)(的)(要)(求)(却)(不)(高)(,国)(内)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(产)(能)(快)(速)(扩)(张)(。2008年)(后)(,国)(家)(开)(始)(收)(储)(玉)(米)(,带)(动)(玉)(米)(价)(格)(连)(续)(上)(涨)(,玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(企)(业)(生)(产)(成)(本)(不)(断)(增)(加)(,许)(多)(小)(厂)(慢)(慢)(都)(关)(闭)(了)(。但)(2016年)(后)(,国)(内)(玉)(米)(启)(动)(市)(场)(化)(改)(革)(,导)(致)(玉)(米)(价)(格)(从)(1元)(/斤)(以)(上)(直)(接)(跌)(至)(1元)(/3斤)(,利)(润)(的)(复)(苏)(使)(得)(小)(厂)(又)(重)(新)(起)(来)(了)(。”马)(树)(章)(说)(。
不)(过)(,今)(年)(起)(市)(场)(又)(有)(了)(新)(变)(化)(,除)(了)(玉)(米)(价)(格)(看)(涨)(外)(,东)(北)(地)(区)(加)(工)(行)(业)(的)(补)(贴)(可)(能)(也)(没)(了)(,这)(都)(会)(提)(高)(玉)(米)(加)(工)(企)(业)(的)(经)(营)(压)(力)(。马)(树)(章)(指)(出)(,从)(机)(构)(反)(馈)(的)(信)(息)(看)(,总)(体)(看)(今)(年)(玉)(米)(的)(缺)(口)(可)(能)(会)(比)(较)(大)(。而)(国)(储)(拍)(卖)(库)(存)(在)(减)(少)(,农)(民)(如)(果)(受)(前)(期)(调)(减)(政)(策)(影)(响)(,减)(少)(玉)(米)(种)(植)(,都)(会)(对)(玉)(米)(价)(格)(带)(来)(影)(响)(。
未)(来)(的)(市)(场)(将)(更)(加)(考)(验)(企)(业)(风)(险)(管)(理)(能)(力)(,用)(好)(衍)(生)(品)(工)(具)(就)(显)(得)(尤)(其)(重)(要)(。对)(此)(,潍)(坊)(盛)(泰)(药)(业)(有)(限)(公)(司)((下)(称)(盛)(泰)(药)(业)()总)(经)(理)(助)(理)(兼)(交)(易)(总)(经)(理)(赵)(松)(非)(常)(认)(同)(。
盛)(泰)(药)(业)(同)(样)(从)(事)(玉)(米)(加)(工)(行)(业)(,明)(星)(产)(品)(是)(药)(用)(葡)(萄)(糖)(。“企)(业)(应)(该)(用)(更)(加)(市)(场)(化)(的)(方)(式)(去)(思)(考)(,而)(不)(是)(守)(着)(以)(前)(固)(有)(的)(市)(场)(或)(渠)(道)(去)(简)(单)(经)(营)(。2017年)(至)(今)(淀)(粉)(加)(工)(企)(业)(利)(润)(虽)(然)(还)(可)(以)(,但)(现)(在)(的)(高)(利)(润)(也)(许)(会)(成)(为)(未)(来)(的)(风)(险)(点)(,实)(际)(上)(已)(经)(陆)(续)(有)(一)(些)(企)(业)(有)(产)(能)(扩)(张)(的)(计)(划)(。未)(来)(比)(拼)(的)(可)(能)(是)(谁)(的)(市)(场)(交)(易)(能)(力)(更)(强)(,谁)(的)(风)(险)(管)(理)(能)(力)(更)(强)(,谁)(的)(利)(润)(管)(理)(能)(力)(更)(强)(。”赵)(松)(认)(为)(。
实)(现)(远)(期)(利)(润)(管)(理)(
基)(差)(交)(易)(是)(现)(货)(行)(业)(利)(用)(期)(货)(市)(场)(价)(格)(发)(现)(功)(能)(衍)(生)(出)(来)(的)(一)(种)(定)(价)(模)(式)(,这)(种)(模)(式)(在)(国)(际)(上)(被)(广)(泛)(应)(用)(,是)(期)(、现)(货)(市)(场)(深)(度)(融)(合)(的)(产)(物)(。随)(着)(玉)(米)(临)(储)(政)(策)(调)(整)(、市)(场)(风)(险)(管)(理)(需)(求)(增)(加)(以)(及)(玉)(米)(衍)(生)(品)(的)(日)(益)(成)(熟)(,玉)(米)(产)(业)(链)(的)(基)(差)(交)(易)(也)(应)(运)(而)(生)(。
基)(差)(贸)(易)(开)(始)(出)(现)(于)(国)(内)(玉)(米)(贸)(易)(之)(中)(。据)(了)(解)(,北)(大)(荒)(粮)(食)(集)(团)(是)(国)(内)(率)(先)(尝)(试)(并)(推)(广)(玉)(米)(基)(差)(贸)(易)(的)(企)(业)(之)(一)(。2017年)(9月)(以)(来)(,北)(大)(荒)(粮)(食)(集)(团)(以)(基)(差)(定)(价)(模)(式)(开)(展)(玉)(米)(贸)(易)(已)(达)(十)(几)(万)(吨)(,成)(为)(玉)(米)(基)(差)(贸)(易)(的)(先)(行)(者)(。
2017年)(9月)(开)(始)(,北)(大)(荒)(粮)(食)(集)(团)(开)(始)(每)(日)(挂)(牌)(基)(差)(报)(价)(,在)(与)(下)(游)(企)(业)(签)(订)(基)(差)(合)(同)(的)(同)(时)(,在)(期)(货)(市)(场)(卖)(出)(期)(货)(合)(约)(,在)(下)(游)(企)(业)(点)(价)(时)(期)(货)(市)(场)(平)(仓)(,从)(而)(规)(避)(了)(市)(场)(价)(格)(的)(波)(动)(,锁)(定)(利)(润)(。
例)(如)(,2017年)(11月)(,中)(粮)(饲)(料)(长)(江)(大)(区)(向)(北)(大)(荒)(粮)(食)(集)(团)(大)(连)(分)(公)(司)(采)(购)(一)(批)(玉)(米)(,双)(方)(签)(订)(基)(差)(采)(购)(合)(同)(,以)(玉)(米)(C1805合)(约)(为)(定)(价)(基)(准)(,约)(定)(基)(差)(价)(格)(为)(-15元)(/吨)(,交)(货)(期)(为)(2018年)(4月)(。在)(合)(同)(期)(内)(,中)(粮)(饲)(料)(可)(以)(随)(时)(根)(据)(期)(货)(市)(场)(价)(格)(点)(价)(结)(算)(,以)(点)(价)(时)(C1805合)(约)(价)(格)(减)(15元)(/吨)(作)(为)(最)(终)(采)(购)(价)(。基)(差)(合)(同)(签)(订)(后)(北)(大)(荒)(粮)(食)(集)(团)(大)(连)(分)(公)(司)(卖)(出)(C1805合)(约)(且)(在)(产)(区)(持)(续)(保)(管)(现)(货)(玉)(米)(,等)(待)(交)(货)(。
2018年)(3月)(,玉)(米)(C1805合)(约)(价)(格)(为)(1810元)(/吨)(,现)(货)(价)(格)(为)(涨)(至)(1900元)(以)(上)(。中)(粮)(饲)(料)(长)(江)(大)(区)(点)(价)(,最)(终)(购)(买)(玉)(米)(单)(价)(确)(定)(为)(1795元)(,相)(较)(现)(货)(市)(场)(采)(购)(节)(约)(成)(本)(105万)(元)(。
在)(一)(些)(重)(点)(企)(业)(的)(推)(广)(下)(,玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(行)(业)(也)(正)(孕)(育)(基)(差)(交)(易)(的)(定)(价)(模)(式)(。
“盛)(泰)(药)(业)(已)(经)(开)(始)(尝)(试)(通)(过)(期)(货)(、期)(权)(工)(具)(,进)(行)(企)(业)(加)(工)(利)(润)(的)(管)(理)(。我)(们)(主)(要)(采)(取)(基)(差)(交)(易)(方)(式)(去)(锁)(定)(未)(来)(的)(加)(工)(利)(润)(,正)(在)(分)(步)(骤)(实)(现)(远)(期)(利)(润)(管)(理)(,对)(淀)(粉)(企)(业)(来)(说)(其)(实)(就)(是)(两)(个)(基)(差)(,一)(个)(价)(差)(,这)(个)(价)(差)(就)(是)(盘)(面)(的)(加)(工)(利)(润)(,指)(的)(是)(期)(货)(盘)(面)(上)(玉)(米)(和)(淀)(粉)(的)(价)(差)(。两)(个)(基)(差)(一)(个)(是)(指)(玉)(米)(的)(基)(差)(,另)(一)(个)(是)(淀)(粉)(的)(基)(差)(。盘)(面)(价)(差)(在)(大)(商)(所)(期)(货)(市)(场)(可)(以)(操)(作)(,目)(前)(我)(们)(正)(在)(推)(广)(的)(是)(玉)(米)(淀)(粉)(基)(差)(贸)(易)(,一)(旦)(淀)(粉)(基)(差)(贸)(易)(获)(得)(突)(破)(,淀)(粉)(企)(业)(的)(远)(期)(加)(工)(利)(润)(管)(理)(基)(本)(就)(可)(以)(实)(现)(了)(。”赵)(松)(指)(出)(。
据)(赵)(松)(介)(绍)(,从)(2017年)(11月)(起)(,盛)(泰)(药)(业)(就)(开)(始)(向)(企)(业)(的)(一)(些)(老)(客)(户)(报)(基)(差)(,最)(早)(是)(一)(对)(一)(报)(,后)(来)(在)(企)(业)(公)(众)(号)(上)(公)(开)(发)(布)(。不)(过)(淀)(粉)(基)(差)(贸)(易)(目)(前)(才)(刚)(起)(步)(,市)(场)(本)(身)(还)(不)(是)(非)(常)(成)(熟)(。公)(司)(希)(望)(借)(此)(找)(到)(有)(远)(期)(销)(售)(能)(力)(,同)(时)(愿)(意)(管)(理)(远)(期)(加)(工)(利)(润)(的)(下)(游)(工)(厂)(。
“买)(卖)(双)(方)(都)(可)(以)(利)(用)(基)(差)(贸)(易)(这)(种)(方)(式)(管)(理)(好)(各)(自)(的)(利)(润)(,这)(样)(市)(场)(更)(长)(久)(、更)(良)(性)(,企)(业)(也)(能)(获)(得)(平)(稳)(的)(发)(展)(。这)(也)(是)(盛)(泰)(药)(业)(的)(经)(营)(理)(念)(。我)(们)(希)(望)(企)(业)(能)(平)(稳)(发)(展)(,而)(不)(是)(博)(弈)(高)(收)(益)(。”他)(强)(调)(。
从)(简)(单)(套)(保)(到)(基)(差)(交)(易)(,玉)(米)(衍)(生)(品)(和)(现)(货)(行)(业)(的)(良)(性)(互)(动)(正)(在)(持)(续)(发)(生)(。
作)(者)(:沈)(宁)(返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
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