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王春英:我国外汇市场的深化发展

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年10月24日 09:16:30
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(原)(标)(题)(:王)(春)(英)(:我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(深)(化)(发)(展)(
编)(者)(语)(:
作)(者)(指)(出)(,未)(来)(推)(动)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(发)(展)(的)(最)(主)(要)(因)(素)(可)(能)(不)(再)(是)(贸)(易)(和)(投)(资)(增)(长)(的)(量)(变)(,应)(积)(极)(把)(握)(人)(民)(币)(汇)(率)(市)(场)(化)(、可)(兑)(换)(和)(国)(际)(化)(对)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(发)(展)(提)(出)(的)(挑)(战)(与)(机)(遇)(。敬)(请)(阅)(读)(!
文)(/王)(春)(英)((国)(家)(外)(汇)(管)(理)(局)(国)(际)(收)(支)(司)(司)(长)()
自)(1978年)(党)(的)(十)(一)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(做)(出)(改)(革)(开)(放)(的)(决)(定)(以)(来)(,中)(国)(金)(融)(业)(实)(现)(了)(从)(计)(划)(经)(济)(体)(制)(向)(市)(场)(经)(济)(体)(制)(的)(深)(刻)(转)(轨)(。作)(为)(金)(融)(市)(场)(体)(系)(的)(重)(要)(组)(成)(部)(分)(,改)(革)(开)(放)(40年)(来)(,在)(党)(中)(央)(、国)(务)(院)(的)(正)(确)(领)(导)(下)(,我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(起)(于)(累)(土)(,从)(无)(到)(有)(、从)(小)(到)(大)(、从)(封)(闭)(到)(开)(放)(,最)(终)(在)(重)(要)(领)(域)(和)(关)(键)(环)(节)(的)(改)(革)(上)(取)(得)(了)(突)(破)(性)(进)(展)(,在)(宏)(观)(调)(控)(、资)(源)(配)(置)(、汇)(率)(形)(成)(和)(风)(险)(管)(理)(中)(发)(挥)(了)(并)(将)(继)(续)(发)(挥)(重)(要)(的)(作)(用)(。
我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(40年)(改)(革)(发)(展)(之)(路)(
改)(革)(开)(放)(前)(,我)(国)(实)(行)(统)(收)(统)(支)(的)(外)(汇)(管)(理)(体)(制)(,没)(有)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(经)(济)(基)(础)(。改)(革)(开)(放)(后)(,为)(配)(合)(外)(贸)(体)(制)(改)(革)(,1979年)(8月)(,我)(国)(改)(革)(外)(汇)(分)(配)(制)(度)(,实)(行)(外)(汇)(留)(成)(管)(理)(,由)(此)(逐)(步)(产)(生)(了)(外)(汇)(调)(剂)(业)(务)(,催)(生)(了)(外)(汇)(调)(剂)(市)(场)(。这)(是)(我)(国)(最)(早)(的)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(。
1993年)(11月)(,党)(的)(十)(四)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(《关)(于)(建)(立)(社)(会)(主)(义)(市)(场)(经)(济)(体)(制)(若)(干)(问)(题)(的)(决)(定)(》提)(出)(,要)(“改)(革)(外)(汇)(管)(理)(体)(制)(,建)(立)(以)(市)(场)(为)(基)(础)(的)(、有)(管)(理)(的)(浮)(动)(汇)(率)(制)(度)(和)(统)(一)(规)(范)(的)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(,逐)(步)(使)(人)(民)(币)(成)(为)(可)(兑)(换)(货)(币)(”。自)(1994年)(1月)(1日)(起)(,我)(国)(开)(始)(实)(行)(银)(行)(结)(售)(汇)(制)(度)(,企)(业)(、个)(人)(的)(外)(汇)(收)(支)(按)(照)(市)(场)(汇)(率)(在)(外)(汇)(指)(定)(银)(行)(办)(理)(兑)(换)(,形)(成)(了)(银)(行)(对)(客)(户)(市)(场)(;同)(年)(,全)(国)(统)(一)(的)(、以)(电)(子)(化)(交)(易)(为)(平)(台)(的)(银)(行)(间)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(——中)(国)(外)(汇)(交)(易)(中)(心)(成)(立)(运)(行)(。统)(一)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(建)(立)(,使)(全)(国)(的)(外)(汇)(交)(易)(通)(过)(银)(行)(结)(售)(汇)(体)(系)(纳)(入)(了)(银)(行)(间)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(,保)(障)(了)(外)(汇)(资)(源)(在)(全)(国)(范)(围)(内)(根)(据)(市)(场)(情)(况)(合)(理)(流)(动)(,为)(实)(行)(以)(市)(场)(供)(求)(为)(基)(础)(的)(、单)(一)(的)(、有)(管)(理)(的)(人)(民)(币)(浮)(动)(汇)(率)(制)(度)(提)(供)(了)(基)(础)(。
2005年)(7月)(21日)(,我)(国)(重)(启)(汇)(率)(市)(场)(化)(改)(革)(,开)(始)(实)(行)(以)(市)(场)(供)(求)(为)(基)(础)(、参)(考)(一)(篮)(子)(货)(币)(进)(行)(调)(节)(、有)(管)(理)(的)(浮)(动)(汇)(率)(制)(度)(。自)(此)(,人)(民)(币)(汇)(率)(不)(再)(盯)(住)(单)(一)(美)(元)(,我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(进)(入)(了)(新)(的)(更)(高)(发)(展)(阶)(段)(。以)(主)(要)(市)(场)(要)(素)(衡)(量)(,当)(前)(我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(已)(初)(步)(形)(成)(了)(适)(应)(社)(会)(主)(义)(市)(场)(经)(济)(体)(制)(的)(完)(整)(体)(系)(。主)(要)(体)(现)(在)(以)(下)(几)(方)(面)(。
一)(是)(交)(易)(产)(品)(增)(多)(。目)(前)(,国)(内)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(已)(形)(成)(了)(包)(括)(即)(期)(、远)(期)(、外)(汇)(掉)(期)(、货)(币)(掉)(期)(和)(期)(权)(等)(国)(际)(成)(熟)(市)(场)(的)(基)(础)(产)(品)(体)(系)(,可)(交)(易)(货)(币)(超)(过)(30种)(发)(达)(和)(新)(兴)(市)(场)(货)(币)(,涵)(盖)(了)(我)(国)(跨)(境)(收)(支)(的)(主)(要)(结)(算)(货)(币)(。2017年)(,国)(内)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(人)(民)(币)(对)(外)(汇)(交)(易)(量)(24.1万)(亿)(美)(元)(,较)(1994年)(增)(长)(134倍)(,其)(中)(:即)(期)(和)(衍)(生)(品)(分)(别)(为)(3.8万)(亿)(和)(20.3万)(亿)(美)(元)(,银)(行)(对)(客)(户)(市)(场)(和)(银)(行)(间)(市)(场)(分)(别)(为)(9.5万)(亿)(和)(14.6万)(亿)(美)(元)(。根)(据)(国)(际)(清)(算)(银)(行)((BIS)的)(调)(查)(,2016年)(,中)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(交)(易)(量)(占)(全)(球)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(交)(易)(量)(的)(比)(重)(为)(1.1%,为)(历)(史)(最)(高)(水)(平)((见)(图)(1)。
图)(1中)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(交)(易)(量)(
数)(据)(来)(源)(:国)(家)(外)(汇)(管)(理)(局)(,中)(国)(外)(汇)(交)(易)(中)(心)(
二)(是)(市)(场)(开)(放)(扩)(大)(。四)(十)(年)(来)(,我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(在)(对)(内)(和)(对)(外)(两)(个)(方)(向)(持)(续)(扩)(大)(开)(放)(。企)(业)(、个)(人)(在)(跨)(境)(贸)(易)(、投)(资)(和)(金)(融)(活)(动)(中)(的)(外)(汇)(交)(易)(需)(求)(在)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(上)(被)(充)(分)(、有)(序)(吸)(纳)(;同)(时)(,作)(为)(市)(场)(核)(心)(的)(银)(行)(间)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(,逐)(步)(改)(变)(了)(初)(始)(阶)(段)(单)(一)(银)(行)(的)(参)(与)(者)(结)(构)(,非)(银)(行)(金)(融)(机)(构)(和)(非)(金)(融)(企)(业)(入)(市)(交)(易)(,多)(元)(化)(的)(分)(层)(结)(构)(逐)(步)(形)(成)(。随)(着)(金)(融)(市)(场)(的)(对)(外)(开)(放)(和)(人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(的)(推)(进)(,国)(内)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(从)(封)(闭)(走)(向)(开)(放)(,各)(类)(境)(外)(机)(构)(有)(序)(进)(入)(境)(内)(市)(场)(,外)(汇)(市)(场)(与)(债)(券)(市)(场)(、股)(票)(市)(场)(对)(外)(开)(放)(形)(成)(积)(极)(互)(动)(。
三)(是)(基)(础)(设)(施)(增)(效)(。银)(行)(间)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(已)(具)(有)(国)(际)(市)(场)(主)(流)(和)(多)(元)(化)(的)(交)(易)(清)(算)(机)(制)(。交)(易)(模)(式)(可)(选)(择)(集)(中)(竞)(价)(、双)(边)(询)(价)(和)(双)(边)(授)(信)(下)(集)(中)(撮)(合)(三)(种)(电)(子)(交)(易)(模)(式)(,以)(及)(货)(币)(经)(纪)(公)(司)(的)(声)(讯)(经)(纪)(服)(务)(;清)(算)(方)(式)(可)(选)(择)(双)(边)(清)(算)(或)(中)(央)(对)(手)(集)(中)(清)(算)(。此)(外)(,交)(易)(后)(确)(认)(、冲)(销)(、报)(告)(等)(业)(务)(,也)(广)(泛)(运)(用)(于)(银)(行)(间)(市)(场)(,提)(升)(了)(市)(场)(运)(行)(效)(率)(和)(风)(险)(防)(控)(能)(力)(。
四)(是)(市)(场)(管)(理)(有)(效)(。外)(汇)(市)(场)(在)(四)(十)(年)(发)(展)(进)(程)(中)(,紧)(扣)(防)(范)(金)(融)(风)(险)(主)(线)(,不)(断)(改)(进)(市)(场)(监)(管)(,努)(力)(创)(造)(公)(平)(、透)(明)(、竞)(争)(的)(市)(场)(环)(境)(;同)(时)(,积)(极)(培)(育)(行)(业)(自)(律)(,推)(进)(形)(成)(以)(行)(业)(自)(律)(为)(主)(、政)(府)(监)(管)(为)(辅)(的)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(管)(理)(新)(框)(架)(。自)(1994年)(建)(立)(统)(一)(规)(范)(的)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(体)(系)(以)(来)(,有)(效)(应)(对)(了)(1998年)(亚)(洲)(金)(融)(危)(机)(、2008年)(国)(际)(金)(融)(危)(机)(等)(诸)(多)(外)(部)(冲)(击)(,始)(终)(未)(发)(生)(由)(市)(场)(自)(身)(运)(行)(引)(起)(的)(重)(大)(风)(险)(事)(件)((见)(图)(2)。
注)(:中)(国)(为)(2017年)(数)(据)(,全)(球)(为)(国)(际)(清)(算)(银)(行)(2016年)(4月)(调)(查)(数)(据)(。
图)(2中)(国)(与)(全)(球)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(交)(易)(产)(品)(构)(成)(比)(较)(
数)(据)(来)(源)(:国)(家)(外)(汇)(管)(理)(局)(,中)(国)(外)(汇)(交)(易)(中)(心)(,国)(际)(清)(算)(银)(行)(
我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(改)(革)(发)(展)(的)(内)(在)(逻)(辑)(和)(主)(要)(经)(验)(
作)(为)(整)(个)(经)(济)(体)(制)(改)(革)(和)(金)(融)(市)(场)(发)(展)(的)(重)(要)(组)(成)(部)(分)(,我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(发)(展)(始)(终)(伴)(随)(着)(社)(会)(主)(义)(市)(场)(经)(济)(体)(制)(改)(革)(,尤)(其)(是)(实)(体)(经)(济)(改)(革)(开)(放)(而)(持)(续)(推)(进)(,并)(与)(整)(体)(经)(济)(体)(制)(改)(革)(和)(金)(融)(市)(场)(发)(展)(进)(程)(相)(衔)(接)(、与)(之)(配)(套)(并)(为)(之)(服)(务)(,呈)(现)(出)(一)(个)(内)(部)(连)(贯)(、逻)(辑)(一)(致)(的)(过)(程)(。随)(着)(越)(来)(越)(多)(的)(境)(外)(投)(资)(者)(进)(入)(中)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(,中)(国)(的)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(已)(不)(仅)(仅)(是)(基)(于)(资)(本)(市)(场)(对)(外)(开)(放)(的)(被)(动)(接)(纳)(,而)(是)(成)(为)(了)(全)(球)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(重)(要)(组)(成)(部)(分)(。这)(也)(表)(明)(,中)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(交)(易)(产)(品)(、基)(础)(设)(施)(等)(各)(类)(市)(场)(要)(素)(的)(全)(方)(位)(发)(展)(,已)(得)(到)(境)(外)(投)(资)(者)(的)(充)(分)(认)(可)(。回)(顾)(我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(四)(十)(年)(的)(发)(展)(历)(程)(,有)(很)(多)(值)(得)(总)(结)(的)(经)(验)(。
一)(是)(坚)(持)(市)(场)(化)(改)(革)(方)(向)(。1992年)(,党)(的)(十)(四)(大)(提)(出)(要)(使)(市)(场)(在)(国)(家)(宏)(观)(调)(控)(下)(对)(资)(源)(配)(置)(起)(基)(础)(性)(作)(用)(,并)(以)(这)(一)(重)(大)(理)(论)(突)(破)(为)(新)(起)(点)(,不)(断)(完)(善)(理)(论)(创)(新)(;党)(的)(十)(八)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(提)(出)(“使)(市)(场)(在)(资)(源)(配)(置)(中)(起)(决)(定)(性)(作)(用)(和)(更)(好)(发)(挥)(政)(府)(作)(用)(”。我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(在)(四)(十)(年)(的)(发)(展)(中)(,从)(改)(革)(开)(放)(之)(初)(的)(外)(汇)(调)(剂)(业)(务)(,到)(1994年)(建)(立)(统)(一)(规)(范)(的)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(,再)(到)(2005年)(汇)(率)(形)(成)(机)(制)(改)(革)(,始)(终)(坚)(持)(市)(场)(化)(方)(向)(,不)(断)(完)(善)(市)(场)(配)(置)(外)(汇)(资)(源)(的)(体)(制)(机)(制)(。
二)(是)(与)(人)(民)(币)(汇)(率)(市)(场)(化)(改)(革)(相)(配)(合)(。过)(去)(四)(十)(年)(,我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(发)(展)(有)(快)(有)(慢)(、甚)(至)(有)(暂)(时)(的)(搁)(置)(,一)(个)(重)(要)(原)(因)(就)(是)(注)(重)(与)(汇)(率)(改)(革)(保)(持)(协)(调)(,为)(主)(动)(、渐)(进)(、可)(控)(推)(进)(汇)(改)(创)(造)(市)(场)(条)(件)(,既)(不)(超)(越)(也)(不)(滞)(后)(。2005年)(汇)(改)(后)(,发)(展)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(节)(奏)(就)(主)(动)(加)(快)(了)(一)(些)(;而)(1997年)(亚)(洲)(金)(融)(危)(机)(和)(2008年)(国)(际)(金)(融)(危)(机)(期)(间)(,节)(奏)(又)(主)(动)(放)(慢)(了)(一)(些)(。
三)(是)(将)(服)(务)(实)(体)(经)(济)(放)(在)(首)(要)(位)(置)(。实)(体)(经)(济)(对)(于)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(基)(本)(和)(核)(心)(需)(求)(,是)(有)(效)(配)(置)(外)(汇)(资)(源)(和)(防)(范)(汇)(率)(风)(险)(。如)(何)(满)(足)(这)(种)(需)(求)(,既)(不)(是)(简)(单)(地)(什)(么)(都)(不)(管)(就)(万)(事)(大)(吉)(,也)(不)(是)(一)(味)(迎)(合)(逐)(利)(需)(求)(让)(外)(汇)(产)(品)(眼)(花)(缭)(乱)(。我)(们)(充)(分)(考)(虑)(了)(微)(观)(经)(济)(主)(体)(的)(风)(险)(识)(别)(和)(管)(理)(能)(力)(,由)(简)(单)(到)(复)(杂)(、由)(基)(础)(到)(衍)(生)(,避)(免)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(发)(展)(脱)(实)(向)(虚)(。
四)(是)(充)(分)(借)(鉴)(国)(外)(发)(展)(经)(验)(但)(并)(不)(简)(单)(照)(搬)(。相)(对)(于)(国)(外)(发)(达)(市)(场)(,发)(展)(中)(的)(中)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(可)(以)(充)(分)(借)(鉴)(国)(际)(成)(熟)(经)(验)(,利)(用)(后)(发)(优)(势)(少)(走)(“弯)(路)(”。同)(时)(,不)(能)(简)(单)(照)(搬)(和)(模)(仿)(,应)(以)(前)(瞻)(性)(视)(角)(积)(极)(探)(索)(适)(合)(我)(国)(国)(情)(和)(引)(领)(国)(际)(趋)(势)(的)(发)(展)(新)(路)(。银)(行)(间)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(从)(1994年)(建)(立)(以)(来)(,始)(终)(坚)(持)(有)(组)(织)(交)(易)(平)(台)(的)(市)(场)(形)(态)(,可)(以)(兼)(容)(多)(种)(交)(易)(模)(式)(、适)(应)(不)(同)(交)(易)(工)(具)(,打)(破)(了)(场)(内)(与)(场)(外)(的)(传)(统)(边)(界)(并)(形)(成)(了)(功)(能)(融)(合)(。正)(是)(得)(益)(于)(这)(一)(长)(期)(制)(度)(安)(排)(,使)(我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(在)(实)(践)(2008年)(国)(际)(金)(融)(危)(机)(后)(中)(央)(对)(手)(清)(算)(、交)(易)(后)(确)(认)(、冲)(销)(、报)(告)(等)(全)(球)(新)(的)(监)(管)(要)(求)(和)(发)(展)(措)(施)(方)(面)(,形)(成)(了)(独)(特)(的)(便)(利)(基)(础)(和)(先)(行)(优)(势)(。
五)(是)(与)(其)(他)(金)(融)(改)(革)(和)(发)(展)(协)(调)(推)(进)(。我)(国)(的)(改)(革)(是)(系)(统)(性)(的)(体)(制)(转)(轨)(,对)(整)(体)(配)(套)(关)(系)(的)(要)(求)(比)(较)(高)(。外)(汇)(市)(场)(作)(为)(金)(融)(体)(系)(的)(组)(成)(部)(分)(,要)(与)(其)(他)(领)(域)(的)(金)(融)(改)(革)(和)(发)(展)(协)(调)(推)(进)(,准)(确)(把)(握)(改)(革)(发)(展)(的)(节)(奏)(和)(机)(会)(窗)(口)(。没)(有)(一)(个)(整)(体)(有)(效)(的)(金)(融)(体)(系)(支)(持)(,外)(汇)(市)(场)(建)(设)(很)(难)(单)(兵)(突)(进)(。在)(推)(进)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(改)(革)(过)(程)(中)(,各)(项)(政)(策)(的)(选)(择)(、设)(计)(和)(推)(出)(时)(点)(,都)(是)(充)(分)(考)(虑)(了)(与)(其)(他)(改)(革)(的)(协)(调)(配)(合)(。
六)(是)(把)(握)(信)(息)(科)(技)(的)(时)(代)(潮)(流)(。国)(际)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(是)(一)(个)(已)(具)(有)(数)(百)(年)(历)(史)(的)(古)(老)(行)(业)(,仍)(保)(留)(了)(许)(多)(传)(统)(的)(交)(易)(模)(式)(。1994年)(我)(国)(银)(行)(间)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(建)(立)(之)(初)(,准)(确)(把)(握)(技)(术)(进)(步)(为)(金)(融)(市)(场)(发)(展)(带)(来)(的)(历)(史)(机)(遇)(,在)(交)(易)(模)(式)(选)(择)(上)(不)(拘)(泥)(于)(传)(统)(,引)(入)(电)(子)(交)(易)(模)(式)(,在)(全)(球)(范)(围)(内)(较)(早)(实)(现)(了)(大)(规)(模)(的)(电)(子)(化)(交)(易)(平)(台)(,为)(市)(场)(参)(与)(者)(享)(受)(高)(效)(率)(、低)(成)(本)(的)(市)(场)(环)(境)(提)(供)(了)(技)(术)(红)(利)(。
新)(时)(代)(推)(进)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(进)(一)(步)(深)(化)(发)(展)(
外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(核)(心)(功)(能)(是)(为)(市)(场)(主)(体)(提)(供)(本)(外)(币)(兑)(换)(和)(风)(险)(管)(理)(渠)(道)(。回)(顾)(过)(去)(,我)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(交)(易)(量)(的)(增)(长)(,主)(要)(来)(自)(于)(三)(个)(方)(面)(的)(推)(动)(因)(素)(:一)(是)(我)(国)(对)(外)(贸)(易)(和)(投)(资)(的)(增)(长)(,直)(接)(带)(动)(了)(外)(汇)(交)(易)(的)(增)(长)(;二)(是)(2005年)(汇)(改)(后)(人)(民)(币)(汇)(率)(弹)(性)(逐)(步)(增)(强)(,市)(场)(主)(体)(管)(理)(汇)(率)(风)(险)(促)(进)(了)(外)(汇)(衍)(生)(品)(市)(场)(的)(发)(展)(;三)(是)(随)(着)(资)(本)(市)(场)(的)(双)(向)(开)(放)(,境)(内)(外)(投)(资)(者)(进)(入)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(开)(展)(本)(外)(币)(兑)(换)(和)(风)(险)(管)(理)(。外)(汇)(市)(场)(在)(这)(三)(个)(因)(素)(的)(带)(动)(下)(快)(速)(发)(展)(,有)(效)(服)(务)(和)(支)(持)(了)(实)(体)(经)(济)(运)(行)(和)(金)(融)(市)(场)(的)(改)(革)(开)(放)(。
展)(望)(未)(来)(,中)(国)(特)(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(进)(入)(新)(时)(代)(,推)(动)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(发)(展)(的)(最)(主)(要)(因)(素)(可)(能)(不)(再)(是)(贸)(易)(和)(投)(资)(增)(长)(的)(量)(变)(,应)(积)(极)(把)(握)(人)(民)(币)(汇)(率)(市)(场)(化)(、可)(兑)(换)(和)(国)(际)(化)(对)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(发)(展)(提)(出)(的)(挑)(战)(与)(机)(遇)(。首)(先)(,人)(民)(币)(汇)(率)(双)(向)(波)(动)(成)(为)(常)(态)(后)(,主)(动)(管)(理)(汇)(率)(风)(险)(将)(成)(为)(市)(场)(主)(体)(的)(“必)(修)(课)(”,由)(此)(促)(进)(外)(汇)(衍)(生)(品)(市)(场)(持)(续)(、稳)(步)(发)(展)(。其)(次)(,资)(本)(市)(场)(加)(快)(对)(外)(开)(放)(和)(融)(入)(全)(球)(市)(场)(,将)(为)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(发)(展)(增)(加)(新)(的)(参)(与)(主)(体)(并)(释)(放)(交)(易)(需)(求)(。再)(次)(,人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(进)(程)(中)(,人)(民)(币)(的)(广)(泛)(使)(用)(将)(促)(进)(全)(球)(人)(民)(币)(外)(汇)(交)(易)(,推)(动)(离)(岸)(与)(在)(岸)(市)(场)(的)(融)(合)(发)(展)(。
新)(时)(代)(,外)(汇)(局)(将)(按)(照)(党)(的)(十)(九)(大)(和)(全)(国)(金)(融)(工)(作)(会)(议)(的)(有)(关)(部)(署)(,坚)(持)(市)(场)(化)(改)(革)(方)(向)(,紧)(紧)(围)(绕)(服)(务)(实)(体)(经)(济)(、防)(控)(金)(融)(风)(险)(、深)(化)(金)(融)(改)(革)(三)(项)(任)(务)(,以)(拓)(宽)(交)(易)(范)(围)(、丰)(富)(交)(易)(工)(具)(、扩)(大)(市)(场)(主)(体)(、推)(动)(对)(外)(开)(放)(、健)(全)(基)(础)(设)(施)(、完)(善)(市)(场)(监)(管)(为)(重)(点)(,继)(续)(推)(动)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(深)(化)(发)(展)(,为)(经)(济)(社)(会)(平)(稳)(健)(康)(发)(展)(提)(供)(有)(力)(的)(支)(撑)(。具)(体)(工)(作)(将)(围)(绕)(以)(下)(几)(方)(面)(开)(展)(:一)(是)(拓)(宽)(交)(易)(范)(围)(,完)(善)(实)(需)(交)(易)(管)(理)(,满)(足)(实)(体)(经)(济)(和)(金)(融)(交)(易)(的)(套)(期)(保)(值)(需)(求)(,逐)(步)(扩)(大)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(投)(资)(交)(易)(功)(能)(。二)(是)(丰)(富)(交)(易)(工)(具)(,支)(持)(金)(融)(机)(构)(创)(新)(推)(出)(市)(场)(有)(需)(求)(、风)(险)(可)(管)(理)(的)(外)(汇)(衍)(生)(工)(具)(品)(种)(,便)(利)(金)(融)(机)(构)(为)(市)(场)(主)(体)(提)(供)(外)(汇)(服)(务)(。三)(是)(扩)(大)(市)(场)(主)(体)(,继)(续)(推)(动)(非)(银)(行)(金)(融)(机)(构)(参)(与)(境)(内)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(,扩)(大)(和)(便)(利)(境)(外)(机)(构)(参)(与)(在)(岸)(市)(场)(。四)(是)(健)(全)(基)(础)(设)(施)(。继)(续)(推)(动)(以)(中)(国)(外)(汇)(交)(易)(中)(心)(和)(上)(海)(清)(算)(所)(为)(重)(点)(的)(交)(易)(、清)(算)(等)(外)(汇)(基)(础)(设)(施)(建)(设)(,保)(障)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(的)(运)(行)(效)(率)(。五)(是)(加)(强)(市)(场)(监)(管)(,完)(善)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(监)(测)(和)(风)(险)(防)(范)(,推)(动)(《中)(国)(外)(汇)(市)(场)(准)(则)(》的)(执)(行)(和)(落)(实)(,培)(育)(市)(场)(主)(体)(风)(险)(中)(性)(意)(识)(和)(风)(险)(管)(理)(能)(力)(。
文)(章)(来)(源)(:《中)(国)(外)(汇)(》2018年)(第)(9期)((本)(文)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(个)(人)(观)(点)()
本)(篇)(编)(辑)(:薛)(瑶)(返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
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