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比高级白领还稀缺!他们关乎中国制造未来,中央发话了

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年12月11日 05:57:50
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(原)(标)(题)(:比)(高)(级)(白)(领)(还)(稀)(缺)(!他)(们)(关)(乎)(中)(国)(制)(造)(未)(来)(,中)(央)(发)(话)(了)(
日)(前)(召)(开)(的)(中)(央)(全)(面)(深)(化)(改)(革)(领)(导)(小)(组)(第)(二)(次)(会)(议)(强)(调)(,要)(提)(高)(技)(术)(工)(人)(待)(遇)(。这)(条)(消)(息)(引)(发)(了)(社)(会)(广)(泛)(关)(注)(,那)(么)(,什)(么)(人)(算)(技)(术)(工)(人)(,我)(国)(技)(术)(工)(人)(现)(状)(如)(何)(,又)(该)(如)(何)(切)(实)(提)(高)(技)(术)(工)(人)(待)(遇)(?
1
“八)(级)(工)(”有)(多)(少)(?仅)(6%
高)(技)(能)(人)(才)(即)(通)(常)(所)(称)(的)(“八)(级)(工)(”等)(高)(技)(术)(人)(员)(。当)(前)(,我)(国)(已)(经)(初)(步)(形)(成)(了)(一)(支)(规)(模)(日)(益)(壮)(大)(、结)(构)(日)(益)(优)(化)(、素)(质)(逐)(步)(提)(高)(的)(高)(技)(能)(人)(才)(队)(伍)(,但)(无)(论)(总)(量)(还)(是)(比)(例)(仍)(与)(经)(济)(高)(质)(量)(发)(展)(提)(出)(的)(要)(求)(有)(相)(当)(差)(距)(。
据)(人)(力)(资)(源)(和)(社)(会)(保)(障)(部)(职)(业)(能)(力)(建)(设)(司)(有)(关)(负)(责)(人)(介)(绍)(,目)(前)(我)(国)(技)(能)(劳)(动)(者)(超)(过)(1.65亿)(人)(,占)(就)(业)(人)(员)(总)(量)(的)(21.3%,但)(其)(中)(高)(技)(能)(人)(才)(为)(4791万)(人)(,占)(就)(业)(人)(员)(总)(量)(的)(6.2%。
日)(本)(高)(级)(技)(工)(在)(其)(总)(劳)(工)(占)(比)(为)(40%,德)(国)(的)(高)(级)(技)(工)(占)(比)(则)(在)(50%以)(上)(。比)(较)(让)(人)(担)(忧)(的)(是)(,2005年)(《人)(民)(日)(报)(海)(外)(版)(》的)(一)(篇)(报)(道)(中)(指)(出)(,中)(国)(高)(等)(级)(技)(术)(工)(人)(在)(总)(劳)(工)(占)(比)(为)(5%,当)(时)(发)(达)(国)(家)(占)(比)(为)(35%。十)(多)(年)(过)(去)(了)(,中)(国)(高)(等)(级)(技)(术)(工)(人)(占)(比)(增)(幅)(仅)(为)(1.2%,而)(发)(达)(国)(家)(则)(提)(高)(到)(了)(40%的)(水)(平)(。
▲资)(料)(图)((来)(源)(:视)(觉)(中)(国)()
从)(市)(场)(供)(需)(来)(看)(,近)(年)(来)(,技)(能)(劳)(动)(者)(的)(求)(人)(倍)(率)((岗)(位)(数)(与)(求)(职)(人)(数)(的)(比)()一)(直)(在)(1.5:1以)(上)(,高)(级)(技)(工)(的)(求)(人)(倍)(率)(甚)(至)(达)(到)(2:1以)(上)(,供)(需)(矛)(盾)(十)(分)(突)(出)(。
我)(们)(的)(“玉)(兔)(”可)(以)(探)(月)(,“蛟)(龙)(”也)(能)(下)(海)(,可)(见)(我)(国)(的)(顶)(尖)(技)(能)(人)(才)(完)(全)(可)(以)(媲)(美)(任)(何)(国)(家)(。但)(我)(们)(的)(汽)(车)(制)(造)(、精)(密)(仪)(器)(加)(工)(、乃)(至)(手)(表)(、首)(饰)(等)(依)(旧)(和)(世)(界)(强)(国)(有)(较)(大)(差)(距)(。技)(术)(人)(才)(的)(队)(伍)(规)(模)(和)(素)(质)(、工)(匠)(精)(神)(的)(传)(承)(等)(,都)(是)(其)(中)(的)(关)(键)(因)(素)(。
“技)(术)(人)(员)(就)(像)(金)(字)(塔)(,高)(技)(能)(人)(才)(在)(塔)(尖)(。没)(有)(大)(量)(技)(术)(工)(人)(的)(基)(础)(,也)(很)(难)(在)(高)(精)(尖)(上)(的)(有)(所)(突)(破)(。”G20与)(新)(兴)(国)(家)(发)(展)(战)(略)(研)(究)(中)(心)(主)(任)(张)(其)(佐)(说)(。
2
“高)(级)(技)(师)(”待)(遇)(与)(白)(领)(相)(比)(仍)(有)(差)(距)(
在)(待)(遇)(方)(面)(,被)(称)(为)(“技)(术)(蓝)(领)(”的)(高)(技)(术)(人)(才)(和)(“白)(领)(”上)(班)(族)(相)(比)(又)(如)(何)(呢)(?记)(者)(注)(意)(到)(,去)(年)(9月)(深)(圳)(发)(布)(的)(《2017年)(深)(圳)(市)(人)(力)(资)(源)(市)(场)(工)(资)(指)(导)(价)(位)(》一)(定)(程)(度)(上)(可)(以)(作)(为)(参)(考)(。
这)(份)(文)(件)(显)(示)(,从)(行)(业)(来)(看)(,卫)(生)(和)(社)(会)(工)(作)(平)(均)(值)(最)(高)(,平)(均)(值)(工)(资)(为)(10647元)(/月)(,其)(次)(是)(信)(息)(传)(输)(、软)(件)(和)(信)(息)(技)(术)(服)(务)(业)(,为)(9348元)(/月)(。
高)(位)(值)(前)(三)(名)(的)(行)(业)(为)(金)(融)(业)(,信)(息)(传)(输)(、软)(件)(和)(信)(息)(技)(术)(服)(务)(业)(和)(房)(地)(产)(业)(:分)(别)(为)(47360元)(/月)(、42388元)(/月)(和)(37227元)(/月)(,与)(上)(一)(年)(排)(名)(一)(致)(。
而)(低)(位)(值)(最)(低)(的)(行)(业)(则)(是)(住)(宿)(和)(餐)(饮)(业)(,制)(造)(业)(以)(及)(居)(民)(服)(务)(、修)(理)(和)(其)(他)(服)(务)(业)(,分)(别)(为)(2595元)(/月)(、2690元)(/月)(、2837元)(/月)(。
从)(职)(业)(看)(,证)(券)(发)(行)(专)(业)(人)(员)(赚)(钱)(最)(多)(,工)(资)(指)(导)(价)(位)(平)(均)(值)(为)(61437元)(/月)(,高)(位)(值)(达)(到)(82991元)(/月)(;其)(次)(是)(证)(券)(投)(资)(专)(业)(人)(员)(,工)(资)(指)(导)(价)(位)(平)(均)(值)(为)(40816元)(/月)(;第)(三)(是)(银)(行)(信)(用)(卡)(业)(务)(员)(,工)(资)(指)(导)(价)(位)(平)(均)(值)(为)(27100元)(/月)(。
从)(管)(理)(岗)(位)(看)(,高)(级)(管)(理)(岗)(工)(资)(指)(导)(价)(位)(平)(均)(值)(最)(高)(,为)(17609元)(/月)(;一)(级)(部)(门)(管)(理)(岗)(、二)(级)(部)(门)(管)(理)(岗)(分)(别)(为)(12521元)(/月)(、7048元)(/月)(;其)(它)(管)(理)(岗)(最)(低)(,平)(均)(值)(为)(5118元)(/月)(,差)(距)(超)(过)(3倍)(。
从)(专)(业)(技)(术)(职)(称)(看)(,高)(级)(职)(称)(工)(资)(指)(导)(价)(位)(平)(均)(值)(最)(高)(,为)(14363元)(/月)(,中)(级)(职)(称)(为)(9340元)(/月)(,初)(级)(职)(称)(为)(7674元)(/月)(,高)(级)(职)(称)(是)(初)(级)(职)(称)(的)(近)(2倍)(。
从)(职)(业)(技)(能)(等)(级)(看)(,高)(级)(技)(师)(、技)(师)(的)(高)(位)(值)(工)(资)(分)(别)(为)(27078元)(/月)(、22169元)(/月)(,高)(级)(、中)(级)(、初)(级)(技)(能)(人)(才)(的)(高)(位)(值)(工)(资)(分)(别)(为)(19119元)(/月)(、14296元)(/月)(、14374元)(/月)(,高)(级)(技)(师)(高)(位)(值)(工)(资)(是)(初)(级)(技)(能)(人)(才)(的)(近)(2倍)(。
平)(均)(值)(方)(面)(,高)(级)(技)(师)(达)(到)(6986元)(/月)(,技)(师)(、高)(级)(技)(能)(人)(才)(也)(超)(过)(6000元)(/月)(,中)(级)(技)(能)(人)(才)(为)(5756元)(/月)(,初)(级)(技)(能)(人)(才)(为)(4468元)(/月)(。
能)(做)(到)(月)(入)(2.7万)(元)(无)(疑)(是)(令)(人)(钦)(佩)(和)(羡)(慕)(的)(,但)(无)(论)(看)(高)(位)(值)(还)(是)(平)(均)(值)(,顶)(着)(“高)(级)(技)(师)(”头)(衔)(的)(工)(匠)(,在)(待)(遇)(上)(与)(前)(面)(提)(到)(的)(部)(分)(“白)(领)(”工)(作)(相)(比)(还)(是)(有)(一)(定)(差)(距)(。
▲图)(片)(来)(源)(:摄)(图)(网)((图)(文)(无)(关)()
21世)(纪)(经)(济)(报)(道)(评)(论)(员)(李)(靖)(云)(分)(析)(称)(,我)(国)(在)(计)(划)(经)(济)(时)(代)(形)(成)(了)(一)(套)(技)(术)(职)(称)(评)(价)(体)(系)(,在)(市)(场)(经)(济)(转)(型)(之)(后)(,这)(套)(评)(价)(体)(系)(依)(旧)(在)(发)(挥)(作)(用)(。这)(套)(体)(系)(本)(身)(对)(技)(术)(工)(人)(的)(评)(级)(偏)(低)(,已)(经)(导)(致)(了)(工)(人)(的)(劳)(动)(力)(附)(加)(值)(的)(价)(格)(发)(现)(不)(及)(时)(。其)(结)(果)(,工)(人)(提)(高)(劳)(动)(力)(水)(平)(,提)(高)(技)(术)(能)(力)(所)(得)(收)(益)(有)(限)(,提)(高)(自)(己)(劳)(动)(能)(力)(的)(热)(情)(度)(也)(不)(够)(。
特)(别)(是)(作)(为)(后)(发)(国)(家)(,科)(研)(教)(育)(集)(中)(在)(国)(家)(需)(求)(,而)(较)(少)(顾)(及)(企)(业)(需)(求)(。高)(等)(教)(育)(的)(重)(要)(性)(被)(人)(为)(提)(高)(,职)(业)(教)(育)(被)(忽)(视)(,这)(些)(是)(目)(前)(限)(制)(中)(国)(工)(人)(技)(术)(能)(力)(提)(高)(的)(枷)(锁)(。
3
破)(除)(“设)(备)(易)(得)(、技)(工)(难)(求)(”的)(尴)(尬)(
“随)(着)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(发)(展)(,尤)(其)(是)(‘中)(国)(制)(造)(2025’的)(发)(布)(,拥)(有)(高)(学)(历)(的)(高)(技)(能)(人)(才)(愈)(发)(紧)(俏)(。海)(交)(会)(今)(年)(首)(设)(高)(技)(能)(人)(才)(展)(区)(,新)(‘蓝)(领)(’成)(为)(中)(国)(在)(全)(球)(揽)(才)(的)(主)(要)(对)(象)(。”在)(去)(年)(年)(底)(举)(办)(的)(2017中)(国)(海)(外)(人)(才)(交)(流)(大)(会)(暨)(第)(19届)(中)(国)(留)(学)(人)(员)(广)(州)(科)(技)(交)(流)(会)(上)(,“技)(术)(蓝)(领)(”成)(为)(中)(国)(在)(全)(球)(吸)(揽)(的)(重)(要)(对)(象)(。
长)(期)(以)(来)(,我)(国)(制)(造)(业)(体)(量)(巨)(大)(但)(缺)(乏)(核)(心)(技)(术)(,长)(期)(处)(于)(产)(业)(链)(条)(的)(末)(端)(。为)(此)(,我)(国)(近)(年)(来)(大)(力)(推)(进)(传)(统)(制)(造)(业)(转)(型)(升)(级)(,但)(却)(面)(临)(“设)(备)(易)(得)(、技)(工)(难)(求)(”的)(尴)(尬)(局)(面)(。
培)(养)(高)(技)(能)(人)(才)(,解)(决)(人)(才)(结)(构)(性)(矛)(盾)(,最)(根)(本)(和)(最)(有)(效)(的)(措)(施)(就)(是)(广)(泛)(开)(展)(职)(业)(培)(训)(。
▲资)(料)(图)((来)(源)(:视)(觉)(中)(国)()
党)(的)(十)(八)(大)(以)(来)(,我)(国)(职)(业)(培)(训)(发)(展)(迅)(猛)(,既)(能)(突)(出)(重)(点)(群)(体)(,如)(大)(力)(实)(施)(高)(校)(毕)(业)(生)(技)(能)(就)(业)(行)(动)(、开)(展)(以)(提)(升)(农)(民)(工)(职)(业)(技)(能)(为)(目)(的)(的)(“春)(潮)(行)(动)(”等)(,又)(能)(统)(筹)(兼)(顾)(,着)(力)(提)(升)(培)(训)(的)(针)(对)(性)(和)(有)(效)(性)(,逐)(步)(构)(建)(面)(向)(全)(体)(劳)(动)(者)(的)(职)(业)(培)(训)(体)(系)(。
据)(人)(力)(资)(源)(和)(社)(会)(保)(障)(部)(职)(业)(能)(力)(建)(设)(司)(司)(长)(张)(立)(新)(介)(绍)(,目)(前)(我)(国)(已)(在)(全)(国)(22个)(省)(份)(开)(展)(了)(两)(批)(试)(点)(工)(作)(,全)(国)(每)(年)(开)(展)(政)(府)(补)(贴)(职)(业)(培)(训)(近)(2000万)(人)(次)(,为)(促)(进)(就)(业)(创)(业)(做)(出)(了)(积)(极)(贡)(献)(。
4
培)(育)(更)(多)(的)(“中)(国)(工)(匠)(”
对)(于)(技)(能)(人)(才)(来)(说)(,每)(两)(年)(一)(届)(的)(世)(界)(技)(能)(大)(赛)(无)(疑)(是)(一)(场)(“技)(能)(奥)(林)(匹)(克)(”。
2011年)(10月)(,我)(国)(首)(次)(派)(出)(代)(表)(团)(参)(加)(在)(英)(国)(伦)(敦)(举)(行)(的)(第)(41届)(世)(界)(技)(能)(大)(赛)(,夺)(得)(焊)(接)(项)(目)(银)(牌)(,使)(中)(国)(首)(次)(参)(赛)(即)(实)(现)(了)(奖)(牌)(零)(的)(突)(破)(。2017年)(第)(44届)(世)(界)(技)(能)(大)(赛)(,中)(国)(选)(手)(获)(得)(了)(15金)(7银)(8铜)(和)(12个)(优)(胜)(奖)(,金)(牌)(、奖)(牌)(和)(团)(体)(总)(分)(均)(居)(首)(位)(。
▲资)(料)(图)((来)(源)(:视)(觉)(中)(国)()
从)(首)(次)(参)(与)(到)(金)(牌)(零)(的)(突)(破)(,体)(现)(了)(中)(国)(这)(些)(年)(高)(度)(重)(视)(技)(能)(人)(才)(培)(养)(的)(成)(果)(,也)(向)(世)(界)(展)(示)(了)(我)(国)(技)(能)(人)(才)(队)(伍)(建)(设)(所)(取)(得)(的)(成)(绩)(。
——2016年)(3月)(,中)(共)(中)(央)(印)(发)(了)(《关)(于)(深)(化)(人)(才)(发)(展)(体)(制)(机)(制)(改)(革)(的)(意)(见)(》,明)(确)(研)(究)(制)(定)(技)(术)(技)(能)(人)(才)(激)(励)(办)(法)(,探)(索)(建)(立)(企)(业)(首)(席)(技)(师)(制)(度)(,试)(行)(年)(薪)(制)(和)(股)(权)(制)(、期)(权)(制)(。
——2016年)(10月)(,国)(务)(院)(印)(发)(《关)(于)(激)(发)(重)(点)(群)(体)(活)(力)(带)(动)(城)(乡)(居)(民)(增)(收)(的)(实)(施)(意)(见)(》,提)(出)(实)(施)(七)(大)(群)(体)(激)(励)(计)(划)(,其)(中)(第)(一)(类)(群)(体)(就)(是)(技)(能)(人)(才)(。
——2017年)(的)(政)(府)(工)(作)(报)(告)(提)(出)(,要)(大)(力)(弘)(扬)(工)(匠)(精)(神)(,厚)(植)(工)(匠)(文)(化)(,推)(动)(中)(国)(经)(济)(发)(展)(进)(入)(质)(量)(时)(代)(……
“我)(们)(比)(历)(史)(上)(任)(何)(时)(期)(都)(更)(需)(要)(一)(支)(拥)(有)(现)(代)(科)(技)(知)(识)(、精)(湛)(技)(艺)(技)(能)(和)(较)(强)(创)(新)(能)(力)(的)(高)(素)(质)(技)(能)(人)(才)(队)(伍)(。我)(们)(比)(历)(史)(任)(何)(时)(期)(都)(能)(更)(好)(地)(为)(技)(能)(人)(才)(提)(供)(成)(长)(、成)(才)(、实)(现)(价)(值)(的)(发)(展)(空)(间)(。”张)(立)(新)(说)(。
5
荣)(誉)(感)(、自)(豪)(感)(、获)(得)(感)(是)(关)(键)(
中)(央)(深)(改)(组)(会)(议)(强)(调)(,提)(高)(技)(术)(工)(人)(待)(遇)(,要)(坚)(持)(全)(心)(全)(意)(依)(靠)(工)(人)(阶)(级)(的)(方)(针)(,发)(挥)(政)(府)(、企)(业)(、社)(会)(协)(同)(作)(用)(,完)(善)(技)(术)(工)(人)(培)(养)(、评)(价)(、使)(用)(、激)(励)(、保)(障)(等)(措)(施)(,实)(现)(技)(高)(者)(多)(得)(、多)(劳)(者)(多)(得)(,增)(强)(技)(术)(工)(人)(职)(业)(荣)(誉)(感)(、自)(豪)(感)(、获)(得)(感)(,激)(发)(技)(术)(工)(人)(积)(极)(性)(、主)(动)(性)(、创)(造)(性)(。
如)(何)(提)(高)(技)(术)(工)(人)(待)(遇)(,有)(关)(专)(家)(表)(示)(,从)(体)(制)(机)(制)(看)(,要)(加)(强)(高)(技)(能)(人)(才)(培)(养)(投)(入)(,切)(实)(改)(善)(培)(养)(培)(训)(机)(构)(能)(力)(建)(设)(滞)(后)(等)(问)(题)(,拓)(宽)(个)(人)(发)(展)(渠)(道)(,进)(而)(改)(变)(技)(术)(工)(人)(待)(遇)(偏)(低)(等)(现)(象)(。
目)(前)(,地)(方)(正)(在)(制)(定)(技)(术)(人)(才)(的)(相)(关)(意)(见)(,如)(湖)(北)(省)(近)(日)(出)(台)(的)(《关)(于)(实)(施)(技)(能)(人)(才)(振)(兴)(计)(划)(建)(设)(技)(能)(强)(省)(的)(若)(干)(意)(见)(》,该)(省)(将)(创)(新)(技)(能)(人)(才)(评)(价)(方)(式)(,一)(方)(面)(,打)(通)(技)(能)(人)(才)(与)(专)(业)(技)(术)(人)(才)(的)(评)(价)(通)(道)(,符)(合)(工)(程)(系)(列)(职)(称)(评)(审)(条)(件)(的)(技)(能)(人)(才)(,可)(参)(加)(工)(程)(系)(列)(专)(业)(技)(术)(职)(称)(评)(审)(,高)(级)(工)(、技)(师)(、高)(级)(技)(师)(可)(对)(应)(申)(报)(初)(级)(、中)(级)(、高)(级)(职)(称)(。另)(一)(方)(面)(,湖)(北)(省)(还)(将)(建)(立)(特)(级)(技)(师)(制)(度)(,符)(合)(条)(件)(的)(技)(能)(人)(才)(可)(享)(受)(正)(高)(级)(职)(称)(相)(关)(待)(遇)(。
其)(他)(人)(都)(在)(看)(
编)(辑)(/武)(亚)(东)(
来)(源)(/每)(日)(经)(济)(新)(闻)(微)(信)((综)(合)(新)(华)(视)(点)(、深)(圳)(市)(人)(社)(局)(官)(网)(、21世)(纪)(经)(济)(报)(道)(等)()
返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
阅)(读)(()
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