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荷兰藏家方面声明未提肉身坐佛所有权争议

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年10月21日 09:40:30
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(  这)(是)(3月)(3日)(在)(匈)(牙)(利)(自)(然)(科)(学)(博)(物)(馆)(拍)(摄)(的)(专)(家)(研)(究)(僧)(人)(肉)(身)(宝)(像)(的)(资)(料)(照)(片)(。新)(华)(社)(发)((弗)(尔)(季)(·奥)(蒂)(洛)(摄)()
  新)(华)(网)(海)(牙)(3月)(23日)(电)((记)(者)(刘)(芳)(杨)(昕)(怡)()近)(来)(,一)(尊)(在)(匈)(牙)(利)(展)(出)(的)(肉)(身)(坐)(佛)(疑)(为)(中)(国)(福)(建)(被)(盗)(的)(“章)(公)(六)(全)(祖)(师)(”肉)(身)(像)(事)(件)(引)(发)(人)(们)(热)(议)(。坐)(佛)(荷)(兰)(持)(有)(者)(的)(发)(言)(人)(23日)(下)(午)(向)(新)(华)(社)(海)(牙)(分)(社)(发)(来)(声)(明)(称)(,鉴)(于)(当)(前)(媒)(体)(报)(道)(看)(似)(转)(向)(消)(极)(,收)(藏)(者)(决)(定)(收)(回)(出)(借)(的)(佛)(像)(,不)(再)(将)(其)(用)(于)(博)(物)(馆)(巡)(展)(。但)(声)(明)(没)(有)(提)(及)(佛)(像)(所)(有)(权)(争)(议)(,只)(是)(称)(有)(关)(佛)(像)(的)(科)(学)(研)(究)(还)(在)(继)(续)(。
  声)(明)(用)(英)(语)(写)(成)(,未)(提)(及)(收)(藏)(者)(的)(国)(籍)(与)(姓)(名)(,仅)(称)(之)(为)(肉)(身)(坐)(佛)(的)(“所)(有)(者)(”,是)(一)(名)(中)(国)(早)(期)(艺)(术)(品)(的)(狂)(热)(收)(藏)(者)(,从)(事)(中)(国)(艺)(术)(品)(收)(藏)(近)(30年)(。
  声)(明)(说)(,佛)(像)(“所)(有)(者)(”于)(1996年)(年)(中)(获)(得)(这)(尊)(佛)(像)(;佛)(像)(上)(一)(个)(“所)(有)(者)(”于)(1994年)(年)(末)(至)(1995年)(年)(初)(在)(香)(港)(从)(“一)(名)(真)(诚)(的)(中)(国)(艺)(术)(朋)(友)(”手)(上)(获)(得)(这)(尊)(佛)(像)(,并)(于)(1995年)(年)(中)(将)(这)(尊)(佛)(像)(从)(他)(在)(香)(港)(的)(工)(作)(室)(运)(到)(阿)(姆)(斯)(特)(丹)(的)(住)(所)(。
  值)(得)(指)(出)(的)(是)(,声)(明)(所)(言)(佛)(像)(出)(现)(在)(香)(港)(的)(时)(间)((1994年)(年)(末)(至)(1995年)(年)(初)()和)(佛)(像)(抵)(达)(荷)(兰)(的)(时)(间)((1995年)(年)(中)()都)(早)(于)(中)(国)(福)(建)(省)(三)(明)(市)(大)(田)(县)(吴)(山)(乡)(阳)(春)(村)(村)(民)(发)(现)(佛)(像)(被)(盗)(的)(时)(间)((1995年)(农)(历)(十)(月)(廿)(四)(日)()。
  然)(而)(,这)(份)(声)(明)(并)(未)(提)(及)(上)(述)(交)(易)(的)(具)(体)(月)(份)(和)(日)(期)(,也)(未)(附)(加)(任)(何)(相)(关)(证)(明)(文)(件)(。
  声)(明)(还)(说)(,佛)(像)(在)(1997年)(年)(初)(做)(了)(X光)(检)(查)(,同)(年)(7月)(还)(做)(了)(碳)(14年)(代)(测)(定)(,从)(此)(确)(定)(佛)(像)(的)(年)(代)(可)(推)(至)(中)(国)(宋)(代)(。此)(后)(,研)(究)(人)(员)(开)(始)(更)(进)(一)(步)(研)(究)(。通)(过)(研)(究)(及)(与)(博)(物)(馆)(的)(合)(作)(,这)(尊)(佛)(家)(“全)(身)(舍)(利)(”逐)(渐)(为)(公)(众)(所)(知)(。大)(部)(分)(科)(研)(现)(已)(完)(成)(,研)(究)(团)(队)(正)(在)(等)(待)(详)(细)(的)(科)(研)(结)(果)(。有)(关)(结)(果)(将)(被)(仔)(细)(评)(估)(、解)(读)(,并)(在)(不)(久)(的)(将)(来)(公)(开)(出)(版)(。
  声)(明)(说)(:“我)(们)(不)(曾)(预)(料)(它)(会)(引)(起)(媒)(体)(热)(炒)(。媒)(体)(气)(氛)(正)(变)(得)(看)(似)(转)(向)(消)(极)(。此)(外)(,中)(国)(佛)(教)(信)(众)(显)(然)(也)(对)(这)(尊)(佛)(像)(的)(展)(示)(、安)(全)(措)(施)(、运)(输)(路)(线)(及)(方)(式)(越)(来)(越)(关)(注)(。因)(此)(,所)(有)(者)(考)(虑)(到)(这)(些)(关)(注)(,决)(定)(从)(博)(物)(馆)(巡)(展)(撤)(回)(这)(尊)(出)(借)(的)(佛)(像)(,至)(少)(目)(前)(如)(此)(,以)(便)(能)(够)(安)(静)(地)(、审)(慎)(地)(评)(估)(这)(一)(出)(乎)(意)(料)(的)(情)(况)(。”
  声)(明)(的)(发)(送)(者)(名)(为)(埃)(里)(克)(·布)(鲁)(因)(。
  荷)(兰)(德)(伦)(特)(博)(物)(馆)(策)(展)(人)(范)(菲)(尔)(斯)(特)(伦)(向)(记)(者)(确)(认)(,此)(人)(一)(直)(是)(这)(尊)(佛)(像)(研)(究)(项)(目)(的)(负)(责)(人)(,也)(是)(佛)(像)(“所)(有)(者)(”的)(发)(言)(人)(。该)(声)(明)(是)(记)(者)(的)(提)(问)(被)(范)(菲)(尔)(斯)(特)(伦)(转)(交)(5天)(之)(后)(,佛)(像)(持)(有)(者)(第)(一)(次)(对)(媒)(体)(表)(态)(。
  记)(者)(向)(范)(菲)(尔)(斯)(特)(伦)(求)(证)(上)(述)(声)(明)(所)(言)(、尤)(其)(是)(交)(易)(年)(份)(,范)(菲)(尔)(斯)(特)(伦)(回)(答)(说)(:“佛)(像)(所)(有)(者)(有)(权)(撤)(回)(他)(出)(借)(的)(佛)(像)(,也)(有)(权)(发)(表)(声)(明)(。我)(相)(信)(他)(是)(经)(过)(非)(常)(、非)(常)(认)(真)(的)(思)(考)(,才)(向)(你)(发)(送)(了)(这)(份)(声)(明)(。我)(们)(都)(知)(道)(声)(明)(中)(提)(到)(的)(年)(份)(非)(常)(关)(键)(,但)(博)(物)(馆)(对)(此)(无)(权)(评)(判)(。”
  正)(在)(荷)(兰)(阿)(姆)(斯)(特)(丹)(大)(学)(法)(学)(院)(研)(读)(文)(化)(遗)(产)(法)(的)(中)(国)(博)(士)(研)(究)(生)(刘)(作)(珍)(说)(,从)(世)(藏)(家)(方)(面)(的)(声)(明)(中)(首)(先)(可)(以)(看)(出)(,佛)(像)(持)(有)(人)(是)(一)(名)(职)(业)(收)(藏)(家)(。职)(业)(收)(藏)(家)(理)(应)(对)(文)(物)(性)(质)(和)(文)(物)(买)(卖)(有)(较)(高)(的)(认)(识)(水)(平)(。当)(所)(持)(文)(物)(面)(临)(所)(有)(权)(争)(议)(时)(,职)(业)(收)(藏)(家)(应)(用)(尽)(职)(调)(查)(的)(证)(据)(澄)(清)(事)(实)(。但)(这)(份)(声)(明)(没)(有)(提)(供)(尽)(职)(调)(查)(的)(证)(据)(。
  中)(国)(和)(荷)(兰)(都)(是)(联)(合)(国)(教)(科)(文)(组)(织)(1970年)(《关)(于)(禁)(止)(和)(防)(止)(非)(法)(进)(出)(口)(文)(化)(财)(产)(和)(非)(法)(转)(让)(其)(所)(有)(权)(的)(方)(法)(的)(公)(约)(》签)(约)(国)(。但)(荷)(兰)(于)(2009年)(7月)(17日)(加)(入)(,所)(以)(该)(公)(约)(对)(荷)(兰)(私)(人)(藏)(家)(1996年)(购)(买)(佛)(像)(一)(事)(并)(无)(法)(律)(效)(力)(。
  至)(于)(国)(际)(统)(一)(私)(法)(协)(会)(1995年)(《关)(于)(被)(盗)(或)(者)(非)(法)(出)(口)(文)(物)(的)(公)(约)(》,荷)(兰)(政)(府)(虽)(然)(于)(1996年)(签)(署)(,但)(荷)(兰)(议)(会)(还)(没)(有)(批)(准)(,所)(以)(这)(个)(公)(约)(对)(荷)(兰)(也)(不)(具)(备)(法)(律)(约)(束)(力)(。
  刘)(作)(珍)(解)(释)(说)(,虽)(然)(两)(个)(重)(要)(国)(际)(公)(约)(在)(荷)(兰)(不)(适)(用)(于)(这)(一)(案)(例)(,但)(荷)(兰)(持)(有)(者)(获)(得)(这)(尊)(佛)(像)(的)(行)(为)(应)(受)(荷)(兰)(《民)(法)(典)(》约)(束)(。荷)(兰)(《民)(法)(典)(》规)(定)(,文)(物)(获)(取)(者)(必)(须)(对)(其)(获)(取)(文)(物)(的)(行)(为)(做)(尽)(职)(调)(查)(,其)(中)(一)(个)(重)(要)(方)(面)(就)(是)(排)(除)(文)(物)(是)(被)(盗)(文)(物)(的)(可)(能)(性)(,否)(则)(其)(获)(取)(行)(为)(就)(可)(以)(不)(被)(视)(为)(善)(意)(获)(取)(。排)(除)(被)(盗)(文)(物)(方)(法)(可)(以)(通)(过)(查)(询)(被)(盗)(文)(物)(登)(记)(系)(统)(,也)(可)(以)(咨)(询)(有)(关)(机)(构)(。刘)(作)(珍)(解)(释)(说)(:“如)(果)(他)(查)(了)(,而)(这)(尊)(佛)(像)(没)(有)(在)(查)(询)(系)(统)(内)(,则)(对)(我)(方)(不)(利)(;如)(果)(这)(件)(文)(物)(已)(经)(在)(公)(安)(局)(备)(案)(,而)(他)(没)(有)(查)(,那)(就)(对)(他)(很)(不)(利)(。”
  福)(建)(村)(民)(于)(1995年)(农)(历)(十)(月)(廿)(四)(日)(发)(现)(佛)(像)(被)(盗)(,但)(被)(盗)(具)(体)(日)(期)(不)(得)(而)(知)(。而)(荷)(兰)(收)(藏)(者)(的)(声)(明)(特)(别)(指)(出)(,所)(持)(佛)(像)(在)(1994年)(年)(末)(就)(出)(现)(在)(香)(港)(。这)(就)(产)(生)(了)(到)(底)(是)(不)(是)(同)(一)(尊)(佛)(像)(的)(问)(题)(。
  据)(了)(解)(,荷)(兰)(文)(化)(部)(下)(属)(文)(化)(遗)(产)(督)(察)(局)(负)(责)(协)(调)(文)(物)(所)(有)(权)(争)(议)(,如)(果)(中)(国)(政)(府)(或)(福)(建)(村)(民)(团)(体)(向)(督)(察)(局)(正)(式)(提)(出)(佛)(像)(所)(有)(权)(争)(议)(,督)(察)(局)(就)(可)(能)(要)(求)(佛)(像)(持)(有)(者)(举)(证)(。
  此)(外)(,如)(果)(中)(方)(手)(上)(有)(确)(凿)(证)(据)(证)(明)(,这)(尊)(佛)(像)(就)(是)(被)(盗)(佛)(像)(,那)(么)(,持)(有)(者)(声)(明)(中)(有)(关)(佛)(像)(什)(么)(时)(间)(出)(现)(在)(哪)(里)(等)(言)(论)(也)(就)(不)(再)(重)(要)(了)(。
  值)(得)(注)(意)(的)(是)(,依)(据)(荷)(兰)(《民)(法)(典)(》中)(的)(“占)(有)(时)(效)(”条)(款)(,持)(续)(、公)(开)(、非)(暴)(力)(、未)(被)(争)(议)(地)(占)(有)(他)(人)(财)(物)(满)(20年)(,可)(取)(得)(该)(物)(所)(有)(权)(。也)(就)(是)(说)(,原)(有)(者)(如)(在)(物)(品)(被)(盗)(之)(日)(起)(20年)(内)(未)(提)(出)(归)(还)(要)(求)(,则)(新)(持)(有)(者)(即)(便)(当)(年)(是)(恶)(意)(占)(有)(,也)(可)(获)(得)(该)(物)(所)(有)(权)(。
  因)(此)(,如)(果)(这)(尊)(佛)(像)(就)(是)(被)(盗)(佛)(像)(,中)(方)(应)(在)(2015年)(至)(2016年)(即)(佛)(像)(发)(现)(被)(盗)(并)(被)(他)(人)(占)(有)(满)(20年)(之)(前)(,尽)(快)(向)(荷)(方)(明)(确)(所)(有)(权)(争)(议)(的)(存)(在)(,从)(而)(阻)(止)(佛)(像)(持)(有)(者)(利)(用)(“占)(有)(时)(效)(”条)(款)(。
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