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安徽万亩“隆平稻种”减产绝收争议超级稻

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年11月22日 19:25:28
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杏彩注册sofu6信誉平台官方,招龙虎和代理注册实力招商主管Q扣99277339,永久注册网址www.yicai269.com时时彩龙虎和,意彩彩票代理,意彩官网,意彩平台注册,意彩乐官网,意彩娱乐官方网站安徽万亩“隆平稻种”减产绝收争议超级稻

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(  超)(级)(稻)(“Y两)(优)(900”经)(专)(家)(组)(验)(收)(,平)(均)(亩)(产)(1026.7公)(斤)(,创)(造)(了)(最)(新)(的)(水)(稻)(亩)(产)(世)(界)(纪)(录)(。这)(天)(是)(2014年)(10月)(10日)(。当)(时)(84岁)(的)(袁)(隆)(平)(站)(在)(湖)(南)(省)(红)(星)(村)(超)(级)(稻)(基)(地)(的)(稻)(田)(里)(宣)(布)(:“这)(标)(志)(着)(我)(国)(杂)(交)(水)(稻)(技)(术)(研)(究)(遥)(遥)(领)(先)(世)(界)(。”
  可)(几)(乎)(同)(一)(时)(期)(,远)(在)(1000公)(里)(外)(的)(安)(徽)(蚌)(埠)(五)(河)(县)(小)(圩)(镇)(,69岁)(的)(农)(民)(贾)(文)(贤)(发)(现)(,他)(种)(植)(的)(超)(级)(稻)(二)(期)(主)(推)(品)(种)(“两)(优)(0293”有)(些)(不)(对)(劲)(:刚)(灌)(浆)(的)(稻)(子)(,该)(由)(青)(色)(变)(成)(喜)(人)(的)(金)(黄)(色)(,结)(果)(却)(慢)(慢)(变)(成)(了)(灰)(白)(色)(。十)(天)(后)(,灰)(白)(色)(的)(稻)(子)(全)(都)(耷)(拉)(了)(脑)(袋)(,死)(了)(。
  安)(徽)(省)(种)(子)(管)(理)(总)(站)(的)(调)(查)(结)(果)(显)(示)(,2014年)(10月)(,安)(徽)(蚌)(埠)(、安)(庆)(、合)(肥)(、滁)(州)(、马)(鞍)(山)(、淮)(南)(等)(六)(市)(种)(植)(的)(“两)(优)(0293”发)(生)(大)(面)(积)(减)(产)(、绝)(收)(,受)(灾)(面)(积)(超)(过)(万)(亩)(。
  受)(灾)(农)(民)(质)(疑)(种)(子)(生)(产)(企)(业)(袁)(隆)(平)(农)(业)(高)(科)(技)(股)(份)(有)(限)(公)(司)((以)(下)(简)(称)(隆)(平)(高)(科)()涉)(嫌)(虚)(假)(宣)(传)(、隐)(瞒)(品)(种)(缺)(陷)(。
  此)(后)(半)(年)(内)(,安)(徽)(省)(农)(业)(委)(员)(会)(下)(属)(的)(种)(子)(管)(理)(总)(站)(多)(次)(向)(国)(家)(农)(业)(部)(上)(书)(,要)(求)(重)(新)(审)(定)(超)(级)(稻)(“两)(优)(0293”的)(种)(植)(区)(域)(,希)(望)(“不)(再)(包)(含)(我)(省)(”。
  这)(是)(一)(家)(省)(级)(农)(业)(监)(管)(单)(位)(在)(向)(超)(级)(稻)(明)(星)(品)(种)(下)(“逐)(客)(令)(”。
  2015年)(3月)(以)(来)(,受)(灾)(农)(民)(与)(隆)(平)(高)(科)(在)(补)(偿)(数)(额)(上)(再)(起)(争)(端)(。
  迄)(今)(为)(止)(,已)(有)(111个)(经)(农)(业)(部)(认)(定)(的)(超)(级)(稻)(品)(种)(推)(向)(市)(场)(。这)(些)(稻)(种)(是)(否)(真)(的)(像)(破)(世)(界)(纪)(录)(时)(那)(般)(“超)(级)(”?为)(全)(国)(增)(产)(增)(收)(贡)(献)(几)(许)(?为)(何)(在)(业)(内)(田)(间)(总)(是)(争)(议)(不)(断)(?
  在)(这)(些)(答)(案)(背)(后)(,关)(于)(超)(级)(稻)(的)(内)(涵)(乃)(至)(国)(家)(粮)(食)(安)(全)(的)(定)(义)(都)(在)(悄)(然)(翻)(转)(。
  “杂)(交)(稻)(,隆)(平)(造)(”
  在)(五)(河)(县)(种)(子)(零)(售)(商)(常)(秀)(亮)(的)(店)(里)(,一)(张)(被)(放)(大)(的)(照)(片)(占)(了)(半)(壁)(墙)(。照)(片)(里)(十)(几)(个)(孩)(童)(与)(老)(人)(举)(着)(“两)(优)(0293”的)(牌)(子)(,咧)(着)(嘴)(笑)(。
  这)(是)(2008年)(以)(来)(,每)(年)(都)(在)(五)(河)(县)(上)(演)(的)(“两)(优)(0293”产)(品)(推)(广)(会)(现)(场)(。隆)(平)(高)(科)(的)(业)(务)(员)(和)(种)(子)(经)(销)(商)(总)(是)(不)(厌)(其)(烦)(地)(宣)(扬)(“两)(优)(0293”的)(诸)(多)(优)(势)(:“适)(应)(性)(广)(、高)(产)(栽)(培)(可)(达)(900公)(斤)(以)(上)(”。讲)(完)(之)(后)(,每)(个)(到)(场)(者)(都)(会)(得)(到)(一)(件)(印)(着)(“杂)(交)(稻)(,隆)(平)(造)(”的)(黄)(色)(T恤)(。
  凭)(借)(着)(袁)(隆)(平)(的)(名)(望)(和)(一)(场)(场)(推)(广)(会)(,“两)(优)(0293”很)(快)(成)(了)(五)(河)(县)(的)(明)(星)(产)(品)(。2014年)(,常)(秀)(亮)(一)(共)(卖)(出)(“两)(优)(0293”种)(子)(3541斤)(。
  在)(益)(民)(农)(机)(专)(业)(合)(作)(社)(的)(门)(前)(,农)(民)(们)(回)(忆)(起)(刚)(种)(“两)(优)(0293”的)(景)(象)(:第)(一)(年)(,一)(亩)(地)(只)(要)(七)(八)(两)(种)(子)(,产)(量)(比)(过)(去)(的)(杂)(交)(稻)(品)(种)(涨)(了)(50公)(斤)(,达)(到)(每)(亩)(550公)(斤)(。之)(后)(几)(年)(,产)(量)(有)(所)(回)(落)(,一)(亩)(地)(也)(得)(用)(1斤)(多)(种)(子)(,但)(产)(量)(还)(算)(稳)(定)(。
  与)(企)(业)(宣)(传)(的)(最)(大)(卖)(点)(不)(同)(,农)(民)(们)(看)(重)(的)(是)(超)(级)(稻)(的)(“稳)(产)(”,而)(不)(是)(“高)(产)(”。
  实)(际)(上)(,尽)(管)(以)(袁)(隆)(平)(为)(代)(表)(的)(科)(研)(团)(队)(已)(将)(试)(验)(田)(中)(超)(级)(稻)(亩)(产)(量)(,从)(800公)(斤)(攀)(升)(到)(1000公)(斤)(以)(上)(,但)(中)(国)(水)(稻)(实)(际)(亩)(产)(却)(远)(远)(达)(不)(到)(这)(个)(水)(平)(。依)(据)(2014年)(国)(家)(统)(计)(局)(发)(布)(的)(《中)(国)(统)(计)(年)(鉴)(》计)(算)(,2013年)(,中)(国)(实)(际)(水)(稻)(平)(均)(亩)(产)(量)(仅)(为)(447.8公)(斤)(。
  2014年)(10月)(,连)(这)(份)(“稳)(产)(”也)(被)(打)(破)(了)(。五)(河)(县)(种)(植)(该)(品)(种)(的)(八)(千)(多)(亩)(地)(全)(都)(变)(了)(颜)(色)(。穗)(子)(以)(下)(逐)(渐)(变)(灰)(乃)(至)(变)(黑)(,掐)(断)(了)(输)(送)(养)(分)(的)(通)(道)(。500公)(斤)(的)(产)(量)(变)(成)(了)(50公)(斤)(,甚)(至)(颗)(粒)(无)(收)(。
  受)(灾)(民)(委)(托)(,五)(河)(县)(农)(委)(组)(织)(专)(家)(组)(鉴)(定)(表)(明)(,超)(级)(稻)(减)(产)(、绝)(收)(是)(因)(为)(得)(了)(稻)(瘟)(病)(。
  大)(多)(数)(受)(灾)(农)(民)(因)(为)(还)(不)(了)(债)(,过)(年)(都)(躲)(了)(出)(去)(。种)(子)(经)(销)(商)(常)(秀)(亮)(被)(愤)(怒)(的)(乡)(亲)(们)(打)(了)(三)(次)(,受)(伤)(了)(也)(不)(敢)(去)(医)(院)(,怕)(暴)(露)(行)(踪)(。
  灾)(难)(蔓)(延)(至)(安)(徽)(6市)(,种)(植)(“两)(优)(0293”的)(农)(田)(均)(出)(现)(不)(同)(程)(度)(的)(减)(产)(、绝)(收)(。
  “仅)(这)(一)(个)(品)(种)(就)(对)(我)(省)(整)(个)(粮)(食)(的)(增)(产)(造)(成)(很)(大)(的)(影)(响)(。”安)(徽)(省)(种)(子)(管)(理)(总)(站)(副)(站)(长)(刘)(根)(告)(诉)(南)(方)(周)(末)(记)(者)(。作)(为)(农)(业)(输)(出)(大)(省)(的)(安)(徽)(,承)(担)(着)(粮)(食)(增)(产)(4万)(吨)(的)(国)(家)(任)(务)(。
  内)(外)(标)(签)(有)(别)(涉)(虚)(假)(宣)(传)(?
  稻)(瘟)(病)(是)(水)(稻)(三)(大)(重)(要)(病)(害)(之)(一)(。在)(农)(民)(口)(中)(,被)(称)(为)(“水)(稻)(的)(癌)(症)(”。
  安)(徽)(省)(种)(子)(管)(理)(站)(的)(调)(查)(报)(告)(认)(为)(,此)(次)(稻)(瘟)(病)(的)(发)(生)(与)(当)(时)(的)(天)(气)(阴)(雨)(、寡)(照)(、气)(温)(低)(有)(关)(,但)(为)(什)(么)(在)(同)(样)(天)(气)(条)(件)(下)(,只)(有)(“两)(优)(0293”出)(现)(大)(面)(积)(稻)(瘟)(病)(?
  受)(灾)(农)(民)(这)(才)(关)(注)(起)(“产)(量)(”之)(外)(的)(另)(一)(要)(素)(“抗)(性)(”。
  在)(“两)(优)(0293”外)(包)(装)(袋)(上)(明)(确)(标)(注)(“抗)(性)(:稻)(瘟)(病)(平)(均)(5.6级)(”,这)(在)(稻)(瘟)(病)(抗)(性)(分)(级)(标)(准)(中)(意)(味)(着)(,发)(病)(率)(不)(到)(25%。
  然)(后)(撕)(开)(包)(装)(袋)(,混)(杂)(在)(种)(子)(中)(的)(,还)(有)(一)(张)(白)(色)(纸)(片)(。在)(抗)(性)(5.6级)(之)(后)(,多)(了)(四)(个)(字)(:“最)(高)(9级)(”。这)(意)(味)(着)(,发)(病)(率)(超)(过)(50%,甚)(至)(达)(到)(100%。
  因)(为)(内)(外)(包)(装)(不)(一)(致)(,受)(灾)(农)(民)(认)(为)(隆)(平)(高)(科)(涉)(嫌)(虚)(假)(宣)(传)(、刻)(意)(隐)(瞒)(品)(种)(缺)(陷)(,招)(致)(了)(重)(大)(损)(失)(。
  这)(不)(是)(“两)(优)(0293”第)(一)(次)(因)(为)(抗)(性)(差)(给)(农)(民)(带)(来)(损)(失)(。
  公)(开)(报)(道)(显)(示)(,2007年)(湖)(北)(种)(植)(的)(“两)(优)(0293”因)(不)(耐)(高)(温)(,结)(实)(率)(仅)(为)(30%;2008年)(安)(徽)(芜)(湖)(种)(植)(“两)(优)(0293”,发)(生)(大)(面)(积)(白)(枯)(叶)(病)(;2012年)(,江)(苏)(境)(内)(600亩)(“两)(优)(0293”感)(染)(稻)(瘟)(病)(。
  安)(徽)(省)(种)(子)(管)(理)(总)(站)(做)(过)(一)(系)(列)(调)(查)(,证)(实)(隆)(平)(高)(科)(确)(有)(内)(外)(标)(签)(不)(一)(致)(,同)(时)(“存)(在)(抗)(性)(更)(优)(、稳)(产)(高)(产)(等)(与)(品)(种)(审)(定)(公)(告)(不)(相)(符)(的)(宣)(传)(内)(容)(”。
  但)(作)(为)(执)(法)(者)(,刘)(根)(也)(没)(找)(到)(处)(罚)(依)(据)(。
  “有)(很)(多)(擦)(边)(球)(可)(打)(。”刘)(根)(说)(,他)(只)(好)(“一)(直)(给)(农)(业)(部)(写)(汇)(报)(”,同)(时)(委)(托)(工)(商)(部)(门)(介)(入)(,从)(消)(费)(者)(权)(益)(保)(护)(法)(中)(寻)(找)(依)(据)(,也)(希)(望)(农)(民)(们)(通)(过)(法)(律)(途)(径)(维)(权)(。
  据)(悉)(,隆)(平)(高)(科)(主)(要)(负)(责)(人)(曾)(两)(赴)(安)(徽)(省)(种)(子)(管)(理)(总)(站)(沟)(通)(。
  “隆)(平)(高)(科)(是)(央)(企)(,如)(果)(没)(有)(农)(业)(部)(的)(重)(视)(,不)(会)(来)(我)(们)(办)(公)(室)(的)(。”在)(刘)(根)(的)(印)(象)(里)(,对)(方)(“态)(度)(很)(好)(”,还)(曾)(保)(证)(,不)(再)(在)(安)(徽)(境)(内)(售)(卖)(“两)(优)(0293”种)(子)(,同)(时)(对)(农)(民)(给)(予)(补)(偿)(。
  然)(而)(不)(久)(,刘)(根)(又)(接)(到)(了)(“两)(优)(0293”仍)(在)(安)(徽)(省)(售)(卖)(的)(举)(报)(电)(话)(。农)(民)(补)(偿)(也)(迟)(迟)(没)(有)(落)(实)(。
  于)(是)(,在)(安)(徽)(省)(种)(子)(管)(理)(总)(站)(提)(交)(的)(汇)(报)(材)(料)(中)(,只)(能)(一)(次)(次)(恳)(请)(农)(业)(部)(,对)(“两)(优)(0293”审)(定)(区)(域)(作)(出)(调)(整)(,“不)(再)(包)(含)(我)(省)(”。
  对)(于)(上)(述)(质)(疑)(,隆)(平)(高)(科)(方)(面)(回)(复)(南)(方)(周)(末)(记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(称)(,“两)(优)(0293”产)(品)(包)(装)(符)(合)(种)(子)(标)(签)(标)(准)(相)(关)(要)(求)(。“外)(标)(注)(稻)(瘟)(病)(抗)(性)(5、6级)(,就)(是)(告)(诉)(大)(家)(此)(品)(种)(稻)(瘟)(病)(抗)(性)(差)(”,并)(不)(存)(在)(虚)(假)(宣)(传)(。
  对)(于)(赔)(付)(问)(题)(,该)(公)(司)(称)(已)(经)(协)(调)(当)(地)(政)(府)(进)(行)(了)(保)(险)(赔)(付)(,同)(时)(也)(免)(费)(提)(供)(种)(子)(进)(行)(补)(偿)(,但)(该)(公)(司)(认)(为)(事)(件)(迟)(迟)(不)(能)(善)(后)(,与)(农)(业)(保)(险)(低)(赔)(付)(率)(有)(关)(。
  所)(谓)(增)(产)(被)(减)(产)(填)(平)(
  发)(生)(在)(安)(徽)(的)(这)(场)(风)(波)(,再)(度)(引)(发)(了)(农)(业)(界)(对)(国)(内)(育)(种)(时)(“重)(产)(量)(不)(重)(质)(量)(”这)(一)(倾)(向)(的)(反)(思)(。
  在)(五)(河)(县)(农)(委)(专)(家)(鉴)(定)(意)(见)(中)(,写)(明)(此)(次)(稻)(瘟)(病)(是)(由)(于)(2014年)(安)(徽)(特)(殊)(的)(天)(气)(和)(适)(期)(预)(防)(措)(施)(不)(到)(位)(所)(致)(。同)(时)(强)(调)(“适)(期)(预)(防)(措)(施)(不)(到)(位)(,不)(完)(全)(是)(农)(民)(的)(过)(错)(”。
  在)(参)(与)(此)(次)(鉴)(定)(的)(安)(徽)(农)(业)(大)(学)(植)(保)(学)(院)(实)(验)(中)(心)(主)(任)(丁)(克)(坚)(看)(来)(,因)(为)(该)(品)(种)(稻)(瘟)(病)(抗)(性)(“最)(高)(9级)(”,即)(使)(政)(府)(部)(门)(和)(种)(子)(公)(司)(售)(后)(提)(醒)(到)(位)(,也)(来)(不)(及)(预)(防)(。
  曾)(有)(专)(家)(公)(开)(撰)(文)(质)(疑)(超)(级)(稻)(,“倘)(若)(不)(抗)(稻)(瘟)(病)(,则)(不)(能)(算)(真)(正)(的)(超)(高)(产)(品)(种)(”。
  丁)(克)(坚)(也)(认)(为)(,抗)(性)(差)(是)(品)(种)(本)(身)(有)(问)(题)(,抗)(性)(原)(本)(应)(该)(是)(抵)(抗)(无)(常)(天)(气)(的)(一)(个)(预)(防)(措)(施)(,“否)(则)(一)(旦)(发)(生)(稻)(瘟)(病)(,前)(几)(年)(所)(谓)(的)(增)(产)(,立)(马)(被)(大)(面)(积)(减)(产)(填)(平)(”。
  抗)(性)(不)(被)(重)(视)(,与)(国)(审)(标)(准)(有)(关)(。“在)(安)(徽)(省)(内)(审)(定)(品)(种)(时)(,抗)(性)(具)(有)(一)(票)(否)(决)(权)(。”丁)(克)(坚)(指)(出)(,但)(是)(在)(国)(家)(审)(定)(中)(,抗)(性)(近)(几)(年)(才)(被)(重)(视)(,之)(前)(只)(重)(视)(产)(量)(。
  被)(强)(化)(的)(是)(产)(量)(,被)(忽)(视)(的)(除)(了)(抗)(性)(之)(外)(,还)(有)(米)(质)(。米)(质)(包)(括)(外)(观)(品)(质)(、营)(养)(品)(质)(、食)(味)(品)(质)(等)(6项)(指)(标)(。
  美)(国)(普)(渡)(大)(学)(食)(品)(工)(程)(博)(士)(云)(无)(心)(在)(考)(察)(了)(国)(外)(市)(场)(后)(发)(现)(,中)(国)(的)(超)(级)(稻)(在)(国)(际)(市)(场)(上)(并)(不)(占)(优)(势)(,原)(因)(在)(于)(米)(质)(一)(般)(。
  近)(年)(来)(,不)(断)(有)(国)(人)(在)(日)(本)(抢)(购)(大)(米)(,除)(价)(格)(等)(因)(素)(外)(,包)(括)(口)(感)(在)(内)(的)(米)(质)(,同)(样)(是)(消)(费)(者)(考)(量)(的)(重)(要)(因)(素)(。
  超)(级)(稻)(这)(一)(提)(法)(最)(早)(起)(源)(于)(日)(本)(,当)(时)(日)(本)(称)(之)(为)(“水)(稻)(超)(高)(产)(育)(种)(”。中)(国)(随)(后)(发)(展)(超)(级)(稻)(,有)(国)(际)(竞)(争)(的)(意)(味)(。
  然)(而)(,日)(本)(农)(林)(水)(产)(省)(研)(究)(员)(HiroshiNakano博)(士)(告)(诉)(南)(方)(周)(末)(记)(者)(,1981年)(日)(本)(发)(展)(超)(级)(稻)(是)(为)(了)(“feedinganimals”(喂)(牲)(口)(),即)(开)(发)(有)(高)(产)(能)(力)(的)(“饲)(料)(稻)(”。因)(此)(才)(会)(“重)(量)(不)(重)(质)(”。2013年)(,日)(本)(超)(级)(稻)(的)(产)(量)(为)(11万)(吨)(,全)(部)(用)(于)(动)(物)(饲)(料)(。
  然)(而)(中)(国)(在)(发)(展)(超)(级)(稻)(应)(对)(粮)(食)(安)(全)(时)(,并)(没)(有)(提)(及)(这)(一)(至)(关)(重)(要)(的)(差)(异)(。
  早)(在)(2001年)(,广)(西)(农)(科)(院)(杂)(交)(水)(稻)(研)(究)(中)(心)(就)(有)(多)(位)(研)(究)(员)(联)(合)(撰)(写)(《高)(产)(还)(是)(优)(质)(?—浅)(谈)(当)(前)(杂)(交)(水)(稻)(育)(种)(的)(主)(攻)(目)(标)(》一)(文)(,质)(疑)(超)(级)(稻)(的)(主)(攻)(目)(标)(忽)(视)(“优)(质)(”的)(问)(题)(。
  几)(经)(辗)(转)(,南)(方)(周)(末)(记)(者)(联)(系)(到)(了)(其)(中)(一)(位)(主)(要)(作)(者)(。数)(年)(间)(,该)(专)(家)(一)(直)(致)(力)(于)(培)(育)(米)(质)(优)(良)(的)(稻)(种)(。“在)(我)(的)(印)(象)(中)(,从)(1996年)(超)(级)(稻)(项)(目)(启)(动)(以)(来)(,国)(家)(财)(政)(没)(有)(给)(优)(质)(稻)(提)(供)(过)(研)(究)(经)(费)(”。该)(专)(家)(透)(露)(,即)(便)(是)(当)(初)(撰)(写)(质)(疑)(超)(级)(稻)(的)(文)(章)(,也)(曾)(被)(多)(家)(杂)(志)(社)(拒)(绝)(发)(表)(,认)(为)(挑)(战)(权)(威)(,不)(合)(时)(宜)(。
  “一)(号)(文)(件)(”要)(求)(数)(量)(、质)(量)(、效)(益)(并)(重)(
  1996年)(,农)(业)(部)(启)(动)(了)(“中)(国)(超)(级)(稻)(育)(种)(计)(划)(”,由)(袁)(隆)(平)(牵)(总)(头)(,国)(内)(数)(十)(家)(科)(研)(机)(构)(联)(合)(协)(作)(,旨)(在)(保)(障)(中)(国)(粮)(食)(安)(全)(。
  然)(而)(在)(超)(级)(稻)(试)(验)(产)(量)(高)(歌)(猛)(进)(的)(19年)(间)(,并)(未)(使)(中)(国)(稻)(谷)(总)(产)(量)(显)(著)(提)(升)(,甚)(至)(曾)(出)(现)(显)(著)(滑)(落)(。
  2004年)(,包)(括)(“两)(优)(0293”在)(内)(的)(超)(级)(稻)(二)(期)(品)(种)(实)(验)(成)(功)(,超)(级)(稻)(亩)(产)(突)(破)(800公)(斤)(大)(关)(。与)(此)(同)(时)(,我)(国)(稻)(谷)(总)(产)(量)(已)(经)(下)(滑)(至)(17000万)(吨)(左)(右)(,直)(到)(2011年)(才)(重)(新)(回)(到)(20000万)(吨)(,达)(到)(1997年)(的)(水)(平)(。以)(单)(产)(论)(,1995年)(水)(稻)(平)(均)(亩)(产)(402公)(斤)(,2013年)(为)(447.8公)(斤)(,年)(均)(增)(幅)(仅)(为)(0.6%。
  到)(2012年)(,稻)(谷)(的)(“全)(国)(最)(大)(粮)(食)(作)(物)(”头)(衔)(,已)(经)(被)(玉)(米)(取)(代)(。
  超)(级)(稻)(公)(布)(的)(理)(论)(数)(字)(与)(实)(际)(收)(成)(之)(间)(巨)(大)(的)(差)(异)(,也)(是)(业)(界)(诟)(病)(超)(级)(稻)(的)(焦)(点)(。
  对)(此)(,广)(西)(农)(业)(科)(学)(院)(副)(院)(长)(、中)(国)(作)(物)(学)(会)(水)(稻)(分)(会)(理)(事)(邓)(国)(富)(指)(出)(,超)(级)(稻)(的)(高)(产)(数)(字)(是)(由)(科)(研)(人)(员)(将)(优)(良)(的)(品)(种)(栽)(种)(到)(优)(良)(的)(田)(块)(中)(,运)(用)(优)(良)(的)(方)(法)(培)(育)(,使)(其)(在)(优)(良)(的)(生)(态)(中)(生)(长)(而)(来)(,即)(“良)(田)(、良)(种)(、良)(态)(、良)(法)(”配)(套)(,缺)(一)(不)(可)(。
  实)(际)(上)(,中)(国)(约)(有)(70%的)(中)(低)(产)(田)(,耕)(地)(质)(量)(退)(化)(面)(积)(占)(40%以)(上)(,加)(之)(农)(民)(无)(法)(拥)(有)(科)(研)(人)(员)(的)(技)(术)(水)(平)(,实)(际)(种)(植)(中)(根)(本)(种)(不)(出)(这)(样)(高)(的)(产)(量)(。
  超)(级)(稻)(要)(想)(获)(得)(超)(高)(产)(量)(,还)(需)(要)(大)(量)(化)(肥)(助)(力)(。
  常)(年)(致)(力)(于)(超)(级)(稻)(研)(究)(的)(邓)(国)(富)(指)(出)(,化)(肥)(的)(实)(际)(利)(用)(率)(不)(超)(过)(50%,更)(多)(的)(是)(造)(成)(土)(壤)(污)(染)(。
  云)(无)(心)(认)(为)(,这)(就)(是)(“理)(想)(状)(态)(下)(的)(最)(高)(收)(成)(”和)(“普)(通)(情)(况)(下)(的)(平)(均)(收)(成)(”之)(间)(的)(差)(异)(。前)(者)(可)(以)(说)(不)(计)(成)(本)(,但)(对)(后)(者)(意)(义)(不)(大)(,“两)(者)(之)(间)(可)(能)(完)(全)(没)(有)(关)(系)(”。
  面)(对)(现)(实)(中)(存)(在)(的)(种)(种)(问)(题)(,在)(2013年)(7月)(召)(开)(的)(全)(国)(超)(级)(稻)(攻)(关)(会)(议)(上)(,农)(业)(部)(已)(经)(明)(确)(提)(出)(,要)(把)(超)(级)(稻)(小)(面)(积)(高)(产)(,转)(变)(成)(大)(面)(积)(均)(衡)(增)(产)(。
  “2015年)(将)(是)(超)(级)(稻)(的)(一)(个)(拐)(点)(。”丁)(克)(坚)(认)(为)(,最)(明)(显)(的)(标)(志)(来)(源)(于)(今)(年)(中)(央)(“一)(号)(文)(件)(”,明)(确)(提)(出)(“必)(须)(尽)(快)(从)(主)(要)(追)(求)(产)(量)(转)(到)(数)(量)(、质)(量)(、效)(益)(并)(重)(”。解)(读)(一)(号)(文)(件)(的)(新)(闻)(发)(布)(会)(上)(,中)(央)(农)(村)(工)(作)(领)(导)(小)(组)(副)(组)(长)(陈)(锡)(文)(反)(复)(强)(调)(,“一)(定)(要)(改)(变)(过)(去)(那)(种)(单)(纯)(追)(求)(产)(量)(增)(长)(方)(式)(,转)(到)(数)(量)(、质)(量)(、效)(益)(并)(重)(的)(发)(展)(方)(式)(来)(”。
  “中)(国)(大)(豆)(已)(经)(失)(守)(了)(,几)(乎)(全)(被)(国)(外)(品)(种)(抢)(占)(了)(市)(场)(,水)(稻)(绝)(不)(能)(重)(蹈)(覆)(辙)(。”丁)(克)(坚)(说)(。
  同)(样)(面)(临)(危)(机)(的)(还)(有)(玉)(米)(。美)(国)(杂)(交)(玉)(米)(品)(种)(“先)(玉)(335”只)(用)(3年)(时)(间)(,便)(占)(据)(了)(吉)(林)(省)(玉)(米)(实)(际)(播)(种)(面)(积)(的)(40%。除)(高)(产)(稳)(产)(之)(外)(,靠)(的)(就)(是)(对)(黑)(粉)(病)(、矮)(花)(叶)(病)(等)(七)(种)(病)(害)(均)(有)(一)(定)(抗)(性)(的)(优)(异)(表)(现)(。
  事)(实)(上)(,超)(级)(稻)(的)(领)(头)(羊)(隆)(平)(高)(科)(也)(在)(做)(出)(调)(整)(,该)(公)(司)(在)(接)(受)(南)(方)(周)(末)(记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(表)(示)(,第)(四)(期)(超)(级)(稻)(主)(要)(以)(袁)(隆)(平)(院)(士)(为)(主)(导)(进)(行)(,公)(司)(的)(科)(研)(方)(向)(以)(市)(场)(需)(求)(为)(主)(,满)(足)(农)(民)(对)(高)(产)(、优)(质)(、多)(抗)(综)(合)(能)(力)(较)(强)(的)(品)(种)(,不)(追)(求)(品)(种)(的)(单)(一)(性)(能)(,而)(追)(求)(综)(合)(性)(能)(。
  “至)(少)(我)(们)(应)(该)(两)(条)(腿)(走)(路)(,一)(条)(是)(袁)(隆)(平)(现)(在)(领)(头)(的)(超)(级)(稻)(,一)(条)(是)(品)(质)(好)(、环)(境)(代)(价)(小)(的)(优)(质)(稻)(研)(究)(。”邓)(国)(富)(说)(。
  而)(今)(的)(五)(河)(县)(,田)(地)(里)(已)(种)(上)(当)(季)(的)(小)(麦)(。绿)(油)(油)(的)(小)(麦)(中)(间)(,几)(块)(连)(片)(的)(昏)(黄)(色)(显)(得)(格)(外)(突)(兀)(。那)(是)(当)(地)(最)(大)(的)(超)(级)(稻)(“两)(优)(0293”种)(植)(户)(吴)(丰)((化)(名)()的)(70亩)(田)(地)(。因)(血)(本)(无)(归)(,吴)(丰)(放)(弃)(收)(割)(横)(七)(竖)(八)(的)(死)(稻)(,也)(没)(有)(本)(钱)(再)(投)(入)(这)(一)(季)(小)(麦)(的)(种)(植)(。
  农)(民)(不)(关)(心)(世)(界)(纪)(录)(或)(是)(国)(家)(推)(广)(,农)(民)(只)(会)(用)(脚)(投)(票)(。在)(“两)(优)(0293”事)(件)(以)(后)(,南)(方)(周)(末)(记)(者)(随)(机)(走)(访)(了)(当)(地)(数)(十)(户)(农)(民)(,无)(一)(人)(再)(愿)(意)(种)(植)(该)(超)(级)(稻)(品)(种)(。
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